|Application ||WB, E|
|Description||IKBKB(Inhibitor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells, kinase beta, also called IKK2/IKKB), is a member of the IKK complex which is composed of IKK-alpha, IKK-beta, IKK-gamma and IKAP. Phosphorylation of I-Kappa-B on a serine residue by the IKK complex frees NF-kB from I-Kappa-B and marks it for degradation via ubiquination. IKK-beta has been shown to activate NF-kB and phosphorylate IKB-alpha and beta. Phosphorylation of 2 sites at the activation loop of IKK-beta is essential for activation of IKK by TNF and IL1. Once activated, IKK-beta autophosphorylates which in turn decreases IKK activity and prevents prolonged activation of the inflammatory response. Additionally, IKK-beta activity can also be regulated by MEKK-1.|
|Immunogen||Purified recombinant fragment of IKBKB expressed in E. Coli.|
|Formulation||Ascitic fluid containing 0.03% sodium azide.|
|Other Names||Inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-B kinase subunit beta, I-kappa-B-kinase beta, IKK-B, IKK-beta, IkBKB, 188.8.131.52, I-kappa-B kinase 2, IKK2, Nuclear factor NF-kappa-B inhibitor kinase beta, NFKBIKB, IKBKB, IKKB|
|Dilution||WB~~1/500 - 1/2000|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||IKBKB Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Serine kinase that plays an essential role in the NF- kappa-B signaling pathway which is activated by multiple stimuli such as inflammatory cytokines, bacterial or viral products, DNA damages or other cellular stresses. Acts as part of the canonical IKK complex in the conventional pathway of NF-kappa-B activation and phosphorylates inhibitors of NF-kappa-B on 2 critical serine residues. These modifications allow polyubiquitination of the inhibitors and subsequent degradation by the proteasome. In turn, free NF-kappa-B is translocated into the nucleus and activates the transcription of hundreds of genes involved in immune response, growth control, or protection against apoptosis. In addition to the NF-kappa-B inhibitors, phosphorylates several other components of the signaling pathway including NEMO/IKBKG, NF-kappa-B subunits RELA and NFKB1, as well as IKK-related kinases TBK1 and IKBKE. IKK-related kinase phosphorylations may prevent the overproduction of inflammatory mediators since they exert a negative regulation on canonical IKKs. Phosphorylates FOXO3, mediating the TNF- dependent inactivation of this pro-apoptotic transcription factor. Also phosphorylates other substrates including NCOA3, BCL10 and IRS1. Within the nucleus, acts as an adapter protein for NFKBIA degradation in UV-induced NF-kappa-B activation.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Membrane raft. Note=Colocalized with DPP4 in membrane rafts.|
|Tissue Location||Highly expressed in heart, placenta, skeletal muscle, kidney, pancreas, spleen, thymus, prostate, testis and peripheral blood|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
1. Azoitei N,et al. Biochemistry. 2005.14;44(23): 8326-36. 2. Kumar KA,et al. Neurosci Lett. 2003.10;340(2): 139-42. 3. Peet GW,et al. J Biol Chem. 1999 Nov 12;274(46): 32655-61.
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