|Application ||WB, ICC, E|
|Description||FGFR4: fibroblast growth factor receptor 4. Entrez Protein NP_002002. It is a member of the fibroblast growth factor receptor family, where amino acid sequence is highly conserved between members and throughout evolution. FGFR family members differ from one another in their ligand affinities and tissue distribution. A full-length representative protein would consist of an extracellular region, composed of three immunoglobulin-like domains, a single hydrophobic membrane-spanning segment and a cytoplasmic tyrosine kinase domain. The extracellular portion of the protein interacts with fibroblast growth factors, setting in motion a cascade of downstream signals, ultimately influencing mitogenesis and differentiation. The genomic organization of this gene, compared to members 1-3, encompasses 18 exons rather than 19 or 20. Although alternative splicing has been observed, there is no evidence that the C-terminal half of the IgIII domain of this protein varies between three alternate forms,as indicated for members 1-3. This particular family member preferentially binds acidic fibroblastgrowth factor and, although its specific function is unknown, it is overexpressed in gynecologicaltumor samples, suggesting a role in breast and ovarian tumorigenesis.|
|Immunogen||Purified recombinant extracellular fragment of human FGFR4 fused with hIgGFc tag expressed in HEK293 cell line.|
|Formulation||Ascitic fluid containing 0.03% sodium azide. |
|Other Names||Fibroblast growth factor receptor 4, FGFR-4, 18.104.22.168, CD334, FGFR4, JTK2, TKF|
|Dilution||WB~~1/500 - 1/2000|
IF~~1/200 - 1/1000
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||FGFR4 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Tyrosine-protein kinase that acts as cell-surface receptor for fibroblast growth factors and plays a role in the regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation and migration, and in regulation of lipid metabolism, bile acid biosynthesis, glucose uptake, vitamin D metabolism and phosphate homeostasis. Required for normal down-regulation of the expression of CYP7A1, the rate-limiting enzyme in bile acid synthesis, in response to FGF19. Phosphorylates PLCG1 and FRS2. Ligand binding leads to the activation of several signaling cascades. Activation of PLCG1 leads to the production of the cellular signaling molecules diacylglycerol and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate. Phosphorylation of FRS2 triggers recruitment of GRB2, GAB1, PIK3R1 and SOS1, and mediates activation of RAS, MAPK1/ERK2, MAPK3/ERK1 and the MAP kinase signaling pathway, as well as of the AKT1 signaling pathway. Promotes SRC-dependent phosphorylation of the matrix protease MMP14 and its lysosomal degradation. FGFR4 signaling is down-regulated by receptor internalization and degradation; MMP14 promotes internalization and degradation of FGFR4. Mutations that lead to constitutive kinase activation or impair normal FGFR4 inactivation lead to aberrant signaling.|
|Cellular Location||Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Endosome. Endoplasmic reticulum. Note=Internalized from the cell membrane to recycling endosomes, and from there back to the cell membrane Isoform 3: Cytoplasm|
|Tissue Location||Expressed in gastrointestinal epithelial cells, pancreas, and gastric and pancreatic cancer cell lines|
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