|Application ||WB, E|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Monkey|
|Description||This gene encodes a histone methyltransferase. The encoded enzyme catalyzes the reaction of S-adenosyl-L-methionine and histone L-lysine to produce S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine and histone N(6)-methyl-L-lysine. The encoded protein likely functions in transcriptional repression.Tissue specificity: Widely expressed. High expression in testis.|
|Immunogen||Purified recombinant fragment of human SETDB1 expressed in E. Coli.|
|Formulation||Ascitic fluid containing 0.03% sodium azide. |
|Other Names||Histone-lysine N-methyltransferase SETDB1, 18.104.22.168, ERG-associated protein with SET domain, ESET, Histone H3-K9 methyltransferase 4, H3-K9-HMTase 4, Lysine N-methyltransferase 1E, SET domain bifurcated 1, SETDB1, KIAA0067, KMT1E|
|Dilution||WB~~1/500 - 1/2000|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||SETDB1 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Histone methyltransferase that specifically trimethylates 'Lys-9' of histone H3. H3 'Lys-9' trimethylation represents a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional repression by recruiting HP1 (CBX1, CBX3 and/or CBX5) proteins to methylated histones. Mainly functions in euchromatin regions, thereby playing a central role in the silencing of euchromatic genes. H3 'Lys-9' trimethylation is coordinated with DNA methylation. Probably forms a complex with MBD1 and ATF7IP that represses transcription and couples DNA methylation and histone 'Lys-9' trimethylation. Its activity is dependent on MBD1 and is heritably maintained through DNA replication by being recruited by CAF-1. SETDB1 is targeted to histone H3 by TRIM28/TIF1B, a factor recruited by KRAB zinc-finger proteins. Probably forms a corepressor complex required for activated KRAS-mediated promoter hypermethylation and transcriptional silencing of tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) or other tumor-related genes in colorectal cancer (CRC) cells (PubMed:24623306). Also required to maintain a transcriptionally repressive state of genes in undifferentiated embryonic stem cells (ESCs) (PubMed:24623306). Associates at promoter regions of tumor suppressor genes (TSGs) leading to their gene silencing (PubMed:24623306). The SETDB1-TRIM28-ZNF274 complex may play a role in recruiting ATRX to the 3'-exons of zinc-finger coding genes with atypical chromatin signatures to establish or maintain/protect H3K9me3 at these transcriptionally active regions (PubMed:27029610).|
|Cellular Location||Nucleus. Chromosome. Note=Associated with non-pericentromeric regions of chromatin. Excluded from nucleoli and islands of condensed chromatin|
|Tissue Location||Widely expressed. High expression in testis.|
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1. Proteomics. 2005 Sep;5(14):3589-99. 2. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006 Apr 4;103(14):5308-13. 3. Mol Cell Biochem. 2007 Nov;305(1-2):35-44.
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