|Application ||WB, FC, ICC, E|
|Description||Blk is a Src family protein tyrosine kinase expressed in all stages of B cell development . Activation of B cells by various ligands is accompanied by activation of Blk . It has been suggested that Blk is involved in the control of B cell differentiation and proliferation . Blk transcripts have also been detected in human thymocytes, but not in mature T cells, implicating that Blk may play an important role in thymopoiesis . Blk function may be redundant, however, as mice that do not express Blk are not impaired with respect to B cell development and immune response .|
|Immunogen||Purified recombinant fragment of human BLK expressed in E. Coli.|
|Formulation||Ascitic fluid containing 0.03% sodium azide.|
|Other Names||Tyrosine-protein kinase Blk, 22.214.171.124, B lymphocyte kinase, p55-Blk, BLK|
|Dilution||WB~~1/500 - 1/2000|
IF~~1/200 - 1/1000
FC~~1/200 - 1/400
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||BLK Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Non-receptor tyrosine kinase involved in B-lymphocyte development, differentiation and signaling. B-cell receptor (BCR) signaling requires a tight regulation of several protein tyrosine kinases and phosphatases, and associated coreceptors. Binding of antigen to the B-cell antigen receptor (BCR) triggers signaling that ultimately leads to B-cell activation. Signaling through BLK plays an important role in transmitting signals through surface immunoglobulins and supports the pro-B to pre-B transition, as well as the signaling for growth arrest and apoptosis downstream of B-cell receptor. Specifically binds and phosphorylates CD79A at 'Tyr-188'and 'Tyr-199', as well as CD79B at 'Tyr-196' and 'Tyr- 207'. Phosphorylates also the immunoglobulin G receptors FCGR2A, FCGR2B and FCGR2C. With FYN and LYN, plays an essential role in pre-B-cell receptor (pre-BCR)-mediated NF-kappa-B activation. Contributes also to BTK activation by indirectly stimulating BTK intramolecular autophosphorylation. In pancreatic islets, acts as a modulator of beta-cells function through the up-regulation of PDX1 and NKX6-1 and consequent stimulation of insulin secretion in response to glucose.|
|Cellular Location||Cell membrane; Lipid-anchor. Note=Present and active in lipid rafts. Membrane location is required for the phosphorylation of CD79A and CD79B (By similarity).|
|Tissue Location||Expressed in lymphatic organs, pancreatic islets, Leydig cells, striate ducts of salivary glands and hair follicles.|
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1. N Engl J Med. 2008 Feb 28;358(9):900-9. 2. Genes Immun. 2009 Apr;10(3):219-26. 3. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Aug 25;106(34):14460-5.
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