|Application ||WB, E|
|Description||Snail is a zinc-finger transcription factor that can repress E-cadherin transcription. Downregulation of E-cadherin is associated with epithelial-mesenchymal transition during embryonic development, a process also exploited by invasive cancer cells . Indeed, loss of E-cadherin expression is correlated with the invasive properties of some tumors and there is a considerable inverse correlation between Snail and E-cadherin mRNA levels in epithelial tumor cell lines . In addition, Snail blocks the cell cycle and confers resistance to cell death . Phosphorylation of Snail by GSK-3 and PAK1 regulates its stability, cellular localization and function .Tissue specificity: Expressed in a variety of tissues with the highest expression in kidney.|
|Immunogen||Purified recombinant fragment of human SNAI1 expressed in E. Coli.|
|Formulation||Ascitic fluid containing 0.03% sodium azide.|
|Other Names||Zinc finger protein SNAI1, Protein snail homolog 1, Protein sna, SNAI1, SNAH|
WB~~1/500 - 1/2000
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||SNAI1 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Involved in induction of the epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT), formation and maintenance of embryonic mesoderm, growth arrest, survival and cell migration. Binds to 3 E-boxes of the E-cadherin/CDH1 gene promoter and to the promoters of CLDN7 and KRT8 and, in association with histone demethylase KDM1A which it recruits to the promoters, causes a decrease in dimethylated H3K4 levels and represses transcription. Associates with EGR1 and SP1 to mediate tetradecanoyl phorbol acetate (TPA)-induced up- regulation of CDKN2B, possibly by binding to the CDKN2B promoter region 5'-TCACA-3. In addition, may also activate the CDKN2B promoter by itself.|
|Cellular Location||Nucleus. Cytoplasm. Note=Once phosphorylated (probably on Ser-107, Ser-111, Ser-115 and Ser-119) it is exported from the nucleus to the cytoplasm where subsequent phosphorylation of the destruction motif and ubiquitination involving BTRC occurs|
|Tissue Location||Expressed in a variety of tissues with the highest expression in kidney. Expressed in mesenchymal and epithelial cell lines.|
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1. Exp Cell Res. 2008 Aug 1;314(13):2448-53. 2. Mol Cell Biol. 2008 Aug;28(15):4772-81.
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