|Application ||WB, IHC, E|
|Description||The c-Kit proto-oncogene is a member of the receptor tyrosine kinase family and, more specifically, is closely related to the platelet derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR). c-Kit, the normal cellular homolog of the HZ4-feline sarcoma virus transforming gene (v-Kit), encodes a transmembrane receptor. c-Kit regulates a variety of biological responses including chemotaxis, cell prolif- eration, apoptosis and adhesion. c-Kit is also identical with the product of the W locus in mice and, as such, is integral to the development of mast cells and hematopoiesis. The ligand for the c-Kit receptor (KL) has been identified and is encoded at the murine steel (SI) locus. Kit is the human homolog of the proto- oncogene c-Kit. Mutations in Kit are integral for tumor growth and progression in various cancers.|
|Immunogen||Purified recombinant fragment of human KIT expressed in E. Coli. |
|Formulation||Ascitic fluid containing 0.03% sodium azide.|
|Other Names||Mast/stem cell growth factor receptor Kit, SCFR, 220.127.116.11, Piebald trait protein, PBT, Proto-oncogene c-Kit, Tyrosine-protein kinase Kit, p145 c-kit, v-kit Hardy-Zuckerman 4 feline sarcoma viral oncogene homolog, CD117, KIT, SCFR|
WB~~1/500 - 1/2000
IHC~~1/200 - 1/1000
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||KIT Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Tyrosine-protein kinase that acts as cell-surface receptor for the cytokine KITLG/SCF and plays an essential role in the regulation of cell survival and proliferation, hematopoiesis, stem cell maintenance, gametogenesis, mast cell development, migration and function, and in melanogenesis. In response to KITLG/SCF binding, KIT can activate several signaling pathways. Phosphorylates PIK3R1, PLCG1, SH2B2/APS and CBL. Activates the AKT1 signaling pathway by phosphorylation of PIK3R1, the regulatory subunit of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase. Activated KIT also transmits signals via GRB2 and activation of RAS, RAF1 and the MAP kinases MAPK1/ERK2 and/or MAPK3/ERK1. Promotes activation of STAT family members STAT1, STAT3, STAT5A and STAT5B. Activation of PLCG1 leads to the production of the cellular signaling molecules diacylglycerol and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate. KIT signaling is modulated by protein phosphatases, and by rapid internalization and degradation of the receptor. Activated KIT promotes phosphorylation of the protein phosphatases PTPN6/SHP-1 and PTPRU, and of the transcription factors STAT1, STAT3, STAT5A and STAT5B. Promotes phosphorylation of PIK3R1, CBL, CRK (isoform Crk-II), LYN, MAPK1/ERK2 and/or MAPK3/ERK1, PLCG1, SRC and SHC1.|
|Cellular Location||Isoform 1: Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein Isoform 3: Cytoplasm. Note=Detected in the cytoplasm of spermatozoa, especially in the equatorial and subacrosomal region of the sperm head|
|Tissue Location||Isoform 1 and isoform 2 are detected in spermatogonia and Leydig cells. Isoform 3 is detected in round spermatids, elongating spermatids and spermatozoa (at protein level). Widely expressed. Detected in the hematopoietic system, the gastrointestinal system, in melanocytes and in germ cells|
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1. Curr Hematol Malig Rep. 2009 Apr;4(2):77-82. 2. Georgian Med News. 2010 Mar;(180):13-9.
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