|Application ||WB, FC, E|
|Description||Glutamate receptors are the predominant excitatory neurotransmitter receptors in the mammalian brain and are activated in a variety of normal neurophysiologic processes. This gene product belongs to a family of glutamate receptors that are sensitive to alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionate (AMPA), and function as ligand-activated cation channels. These channels are assembled from 4 related subunits, Gria1-4. The subunit encoded by this gene (Gria2) is subject to RNA editing (Q/R and R/G), which is thought to render the channels impermeable to Ca(2+), and to affect the kinetic aspects of these channels in rat brain. Alternative splicing, resulting in transcript variants encoding different isoforms (flip and flop), has been noted for this gene.|
|Immunogen||Purified recombinant fragment of human GRIA2 (AA: 652-807) expressed in E. Coli. |
|Formulation||Purified antibody in PBS with 0.05% sodium azide|
|Other Names||Glutamate receptor 2, GluR-2, AMPA-selective glutamate receptor 2, GluR-B, GluR-K2, Glutamate receptor ionotropic, AMPA 2, GluA2, Gria2, Glur2|
WB~~1/500 - 1/2000
FC~~1/200 - 1/400
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||GRIA2 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Receptor for glutamate that functions as ligand-gated ion channel in the central nervous system and plays an important role in excitatory synaptic transmission. L-glutamate acts as an excitatory neurotransmitter at many synapses in the central nervous system. Binding of the excitatory neurotransmitter L- glutamate induces a conformation change, leading to the opening of the cation channel, and thereby converts the chemical signal to an electrical impulse. The receptor then desensitizes rapidly and enters a transient inactive state, characterized by the presence of bound agonist. In the presence of CACNG4 or CACNG7 or CACNG8, shows resensitization which is characterized by a delayed accumulation of current flux upon continued application of glutamate.|
|Cellular Location||Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Cell junction, synapse, postsynaptic cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Note=Interaction with CACNG2, CNIH2 and CNIH3 promotes cell surface expression|
|Tissue Location||Detected in forebrain. Detected in dendrites of neuronal cells.|
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1.Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2010 Feb;24(4):173-6. 2.Neurosci Lett. 2011 Jun 15;497(1):42-5.
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