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VIL1 Antibody

Purified Mouse Monoclonal Antibody

  • E - VIL1 Antibody AO1962a

    Black line: Control Antigen (100 ng);
    Purple line: Antigen(10ng);
    Blue line: Antigen (50 ng);
    Red line: Antigen (100 ng);

  • WB - VIL1 Antibody AO1962a
    Figure 1: Western blot analysis using VIL1 mAb against human VIL1 (AA: 1-209) recombinant protein. (Expected MW is 49.4 kDa)
  • WB - VIL1 Antibody AO1962a
    Figure 2: Western blot analysis using VIL1 mAb against HEK293 (1) and VIL1 (AA: 1-209)-hIgGFc transfected HEK293 (2) cell lysate.
  • IHC - VIL1 Antibody AO1962a
    Figure 3: Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded muscle tissues using VIL1 mouse mAb with DAB staining.
  • IHC - VIL1 Antibody AO1962a
    Figure 4: Immunohistochemical analysis of paraffin-embedded stomach cancer tissues using VIL1 mouse mAb with DAB staining.
Product Information
  • Applications Legend:
  • WB=Western Blot
  • IHC=Immunohistochemistry
  • IHC-P=Immunohistochemistry (Paraffin-embedded Sections)
  • IHC-F=Immunohistochemistry (Frozen Sections)
  • IF=Immunofluorescence
  • FC=Flow Cytopmetry
  • IC=Immunochemistry
  • ICC=Immunocytochemistry
  • IP=Immunoprecipitation
  • DB=Dot Blot
  • CHIP=Chromatin Immunoprecipitation
  • FA=Fluorescence Assay
  • IEM=Immunoelectronmicroscopy
  • EIA=Enzyme Immunoassay
Primary Accession P09327
Reactivity Human
Host Mouse
Clonality Monoclonal
Clone Names 5E3B2
Isotype IgG2b
Calculated MW 92.7kDa
Description This gene encodes a member of a family of calcium-regulated actin-binding proteins. This protein represents a dominant part of the brush border cytoskeleton which functions in the capping, severing, and bundling of actin filaments. Two mRNAs of 2.7 kb and 3.5 kb have been observed; they result from utilization of alternate poly-adenylation signals present in the terminal exon.
Immunogen Purified recombinant fragment of human VIL1 (AA: 1-209) expressed in E. Coli.
Formulation Purified antibody in PBS with 0.05% sodium azide.
Additional Information
Gene ID 7429
Other Names Villin-1, VIL1, VIL
Dilution E~~1/10000
WB~~1/500 - 1/2000
IHC~~1/200 - 1/1000
StorageMaintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.
PrecautionsVIL1 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.
Protein Information
Name VIL1
Synonyms VIL
Function Epithelial cell-specific Ca(2+)-regulated actin- modifying protein that modulates the reorganization of microvillar actin filaments. Plays a role in the actin nucleation, actin filament bundle assembly, actin filament capping and severing. Binds phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) and lysophosphatidic acid (LPA); binds LPA with higher affinity than PIP2. Binding to LPA increases its phosphorylation by SRC and inhibits all actin-modifying activities. Binding to PIP2 inhibits actin-capping and -severing activities but enhances actin-bundling activity. Regulates the intestinal epithelial cell morphology, cell invasion, cell migration and apoptosis. Protects against apoptosis induced by dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) in the gastrointestinal epithelium. Appears to regulate cell death by maintaining mitochondrial integrity. Enhances hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)-induced epithelial cell motility, chemotaxis and wound repair. Upon S.flexneri cell infection, its actin-severing activity enhances actin-based motility of the bacteria and plays a role during the dissemination.
Cellular Location Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Cell projection, lamellipodium. Cell projection, ruffle. Cell projection, microvillus. Cell projection, filopodium tip. Cell projection, filopodium. Note=Relocalized in the tip of cellular protrusions and filipodial extensions upon infection with S.flexneri in primary intestinal epithelial cells (IEC) and in the tail-like structures forming the actin comets of S.flexneri. Redistributed to the leading edge of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)-induced lamellipodia (By similarity). Rapidly redistributed to ruffles and lamellipodia structures in response to autotaxin, lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) treatment.
Tissue Location Specifically expressed in epithelial cells. Major component of microvilli of intestinal epithelial cells and kidney proximal tubule cells. Expressed in canalicular microvilli of hepatocytes (at protein level).
Research Areas
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This protein belongs to the aldehyde dehydrogenase family of proteins. Aldehyde dehydrogenase is the second enzyme of the major oxidative pathway of alcohol metabolism. Two major liver isoforms of aldehyde dehydrogenase, cytosolic and mitochondrial, can be distinguished by their electrophoretic mobilities, kinetic properties, and subcellular localizations. Most Caucasians have two major isozymes, while approximately 50% of Orientals have the cytosolic isozyme but not the mitochondrial isozyme. A remarkably higher frequency of acute alcohol intoxication among Orientals than among Caucasians could be related to the absence of a catalytically active form of the mitochondrial isozyme. The increased exposure to acetaldehyde in individuals with the catalytically inactive form may also confer greater susceptibility to many types of cancer. This gene encodes a mitochondrial isoform, which has a low Km for acetaldehydes, and is localized in mitochondrial matrix. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. ; ; ;


1. Cancer Biol Ther. 2011 Aug 1;12(3):181-90.2. Cancer Biol Ther. 2009 Jun;8(12):1146-53.

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$ 385.00
Cat# AO1962a
(40 western blots)
Availability: 7-10 days
Bulk Size
Seasonal Special on Bulk Order
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