|Application ||WB, IHC, FC, ICC, E|
|Description||The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the protein kinase C superfamily. This kinase is activated by Rho family of small G proteins and may mediate the Rho-dependent signaling pathway. This kinase can be activated by phospholipids and by limited proteolysis. The 3-phosphoinositide dependent protein kinase-1 (PDPK1/PDK1) is reported to phosphorylate this kinase, which may mediate insulin signals to the actin cytoskeleton. The proteolytic activation of this kinase by caspase-3 or related proteases during apoptosis suggests its role in signal transduction related to apoptosis. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been observed.|
|Immunogen||Purified recombinant fragment of human PKN1 (AA: 442-620) expressed in E. Coli.|
|Formulation||Purified antibody in PBS with 0.05% sodium azide.|
|Other Names||Serine/threonine-protein kinase N1, 18.104.22.168, Protease-activated kinase 1, PAK-1, Protein kinase C-like 1, Protein kinase C-like PKN, Protein kinase PKN-alpha, Protein-kinase C-related kinase 1, Serine-threonine protein kinase N, PKN1, PAK1, PKN, PRK1, PRKCL1|
WB~~1/500 - 1/2000
IF~~1/200 - 1/1000
FC~~1/200 - 1/400
IHC~~1/200 - 1/1000
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||PKN1 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Synonyms||PAK1, PKN, PRK1, PRKCL1|
|Function||PKC-related serine/threonine-protein kinase involved in various processes such as regulation of the intermediate filaments of the actin cytoskeleton, cell migration, tumor cell invasion and transcription regulation. Regulates the cytoskeletal network by phosphorylating proteins such as VIM and neurofilament proteins NEFH, NEFL and NEFM, leading to inhibit their polymerization. Phosphorylates 'Ser-575', 'Ser-637' and 'Ser-669' of MAPT/Tau, lowering its ability to bind to microtubules, resulting in disruption of tubulin assembly. Acts as a key coactivator of androgen receptor (ANDR)-dependent transcription, by being recruited to ANDR target genes and specifically mediating phosphorylation of 'Thr-11' of histone H3 (H3T11ph), a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional activation that promotes demethylation of histone H3 'Lys-9' (H3K9me) by KDM4C/JMJD2C. Phosphorylates HDAC5, HDAC7 and HDAC9, leading to impair their import in the nucleus. Phosphorylates 'Thr-38' of PPP1R14A, 'Ser- 159', 'Ser-163' and 'Ser-170' of MARCKS, and GFAP. Able to phosphorylate RPS6 in vitro.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Endosome. Cell membrane; Peripheral membrane protein. Cleavage furrow. Midbody Note=Associates with chromatin in a ligand-dependent manner Localization to endosomes is mediated via its interaction with RHOB. Association to the cell membrane is dependent on Ser-374 phosphorylation. Accumulates during telophase at the cleavage furrow and finally concentrates around the midbody in cytokinesis|
|Tissue Location||Found ubiquitously. Expressed in heart, brain, placenta, lung, skeletal muscle, kidney and pancreas. Expressed in numerous tumor cell lines, especially in breast tumor cells|
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T protein p53 binding protein 1 may have a role in checkpoint signaling during mitosis,enhance TP53-mediated transcriptional activation and play a role in the response to DNA damage. ;
1. J Biol Chem. 2013 Nov 29;288(48):34658-70.2. Hum Pathol. 2009 Oct;40(10):1434-40.
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