|Application ||IF, WB, IHC-P, E|
|Other Accession||O41515, NP_073729.1|
|Calculated MW||14688 Da|
|Antigen Region||100-125 aa|
|Other Names||Microtubule-associated proteins 1A/1B light chain 3B, Autophagy-related protein LC3 B, Autophagy-related ubiquitin-like modifier LC3 B, MAP1 light chain 3-like protein 2, MAP1A/MAP1B light chain 3 B, MAP1A/MAP1B LC3 B, Microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 beta, MAP1LC3B, MAP1ALC3|
|Target/Specificity||This Cleaved-APG8a/b antibody is generated from rabbits immunized with a KLH conjugated synthetic peptide between 100-125 amino acids from human Cleaved-APG8a/b.|
|Format||Purified polyclonal antibody supplied in PBS with 0.09% (W/V) sodium azide. This antibody is purified through a protein A column, followed by peptide affinity purification.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 2 weeks. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||APG8a/b(MAP1LC3A/B) Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Ubiquitin-like modifier involved in formation of autophagosomal vacuoles (autophagosomes). Plays a role in mitophagy which contributes to regulate mitochondrial quantity and quality by eliminating the mitochondria to a basal level to fulfill cellular energy requirements and preventing excess ROS production. Whereas LC3s are involved in elongation of the phagophore membrane, the GABARAP/GATE-16 subfamily is essential for a later stage in autophagosome maturation. Promotes primary ciliogenesis by removing OFD1 from centriolar satellites via the autophagic pathway.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Endomembrane system; Lipid-anchor. Cytoplasmic vesicle, autophagosome membrane; Lipid-anchor. Note=LC3-II binds to the autophagic membranes Localizes also to discrete punctae along the ciliary axoneme (By similarity).|
|Tissue Location||Most abundant in heart, brain, skeletal muscle and testis. Little expression observed in liver|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
The product of this gene is a subunit of neuronal microtubule-associated MAP1A and MAP1B proteins, which are involved in microtubule assembly and important for neurogenesis. Studies on the rat homolog implicate a role for this gene in autophagy, a process that involves the bulk degradation of cytoplasmic component.
References for protein
1.Rouschop, K.M., et al. J. Clin. Invest. 120(1):127-141(2010)
2.Kirkin, V., et al. Mol. Cell 33(4):505-516(2009)
3.Othman, E.Q., et al. J. Clin. Lab. Anal. 23(4):249-258(2009)
4.Liu, Q., et al. Ai Zheng 27(1):25-29(2008)
5.Komatsu, M., et al. Cell 131(6):1149-1163(2007)
References for U251 cell line:
1. Westermark B.; Pontén J.; Hugosson R. (1973).” Determinants for the establishment of permanent tissue culture lines from human gliomas”. Acta Pathol Microbiol Scand A. 81:791-805. [PMID: 4359449].
2. Pontén, J.,Westermark B. (1978).” Properties of Human Malignant Glioma Cells in Vitro”. Medical Biology 56: 184-193.[PMID: 359950].
3. Geng Y.;Kohli L.; Klocke B.J.; Roth K.A.(2010). “Chloroquine-induced autophagic vacuole accumulation and cell death in glioma cells is p53 independent”. Neuro Oncol. 12(5): 473–481.[ PMID: 20406898].
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