|Application ||WB, IHC-P, E|
|Other Accession||P19493, Q9Z2W8, Q38PU5, NP_000820.3|
|Calculated MW||100871 Da|
|Antigen Region||259-287 aa|
|Other Names||Glutamate receptor 4, GluR-4, GluR4, AMPA-selective glutamate receptor 4, GluR-D, Glutamate receptor ionotropic, AMPA 4, GluA4, GRIA4, GLUR4|
|Target/Specificity||This GRIA4 antibody is generated from rabbits immunized with a KLH conjugated synthetic peptide between 259-287 amino acids from the Central region of human GRIA4.|
|Format||Purified polyclonal antibody supplied in PBS with 0.09% (W/V) sodium azide. This antibody is purified through a protein A column, followed by peptide affinity purification.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 2 weeks. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||GRIA4 Antibody (Center) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Receptor for glutamate that functions as ligand-gated ion channel in the central nervous system and plays an important role in excitatory synaptic transmission. L-glutamate acts as an excitatory neurotransmitter at many synapses in the central nervous system. Binding of the excitatory neurotransmitter L- glutamate induces a conformation change, leading to the opening of the cation channel, and thereby converts the chemical signal to an electrical impulse. The receptor then desensitizes rapidly and enters a transient inactive state, characterized by the presence of bound agonist. In the presence of CACNG4 or CACNG7 or CACNG8, shows resensitization which is characterized by a delayed accumulation of current flux upon continued application of glutamate.|
|Cellular Location||Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Cell junction, synapse, postsynaptic cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Cell projection, dendrite. Note=Interaction with CNIH2, CNIH3 and PRKCG promotes cell surface expression|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Glutamate receptors are the predominant excitatory neurotransmitter receptors in the mammalian brain and are activated in a variety of normal neurophysiologic processes. These receptors are heteromeric protein complexes composed of multiple subunits, arranged to form ligand-gated ion channels. The classification of glutamate receptors is based on their activation by different pharmacologic agonists. The subunit encoded by this gene belongs to a family of AMPA (alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionate)-sensitive glutamate receptors, and is subject to RNA editing (AGA->GGA; R->G). Alternative splicing of this gene results in transcript variants encoding different isoforms, which may vary in their signal transduction properties. Some haplotypes of this gene show a positive association with schizophrenia. [provided by RefSeq].
Need, A.C., et al. Eur. J. Hum. Genet. 17(7):946-957(2009)
Volpi, S., et al. J Clin Psychiatry 70(6):801-809(2009)
Kessels, H.W., et al. Neuron 61(3):340-350(2009)
Arai, S., et al. Psychiatr. Genet. 19(1):6-13(2009)
Aruscavage, P.J., et al. RNA 6(2):257-269(2000)
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