|Application ||WB, IHC-P, IF, E|
|Calculated MW||68996 Da|
|Antigen Region||363-391 aa|
|Other Names||Prostaglandin G/H synthase 2, Cyclooxygenase-2, COX-2, PHS II, Prostaglandin H2 synthase 2, PGH synthase 2, PGHS-2, Prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2, PTGS2, COX2|
|Target/Specificity||This PTGS2 antibody is generated from rabbits immunized with a KLH conjugated synthetic peptide between 363-391 amino acids from the Central region of human PTGS2.|
|Format||Purified polyclonal antibody supplied in PBS with 0.09% (W/V) sodium azide. This antibody is purified through a protein A column, followed by peptide affinity purification.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 2 weeks. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||PTGS2 Antibody (Center P378) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Converts arachidonate to prostaglandin H2 (PGH2), a committed step in prostanoid synthesis. Constitutively expressed in some tissues in physiological conditions, such as the endothelium, kidney and brain, and in pathological conditions, such as in cancer. PTGS2 is responsible for production of inflammatory prostaglandins. Up-regulation of PTGS2 is also associated with increased cell adhesion, phenotypic changes, resistance to apoptosis and tumor angiogenesis. In cancer cells, PTGS2 is a key step in the production of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), which plays important roles in modulating motility, proliferation and resistance to apoptosis.|
|Cellular Location||Microsome membrane; Peripheral membrane protein. Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Peripheral membrane protein|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase (PTGS), also known as cyclooxygenase, is the key enzyme in prostaglandin biosynthesis, and acts both as a dioxygenase and as a peroxidase. There are two isozymes of PTGS: a constitutive PTGS1 and an inducible PTGS2, which differ in their regulation of expression and tissue distribution. This gene encodes the inducible isozyme. It is regulated by specific stimulatory events, suggesting that it is responsible for the prostanoid biosynthesis involved in inflammation and mitogenesis.
Duggan, K.C., et al. J. Biol. Chem. 285(45):34950-34959(2010)
Feher, A., et al. Am J Geriatr Psychiatry 18(11):983-987(2010)
Wang, C.H., et al. Anticancer Res. 30(9):3649-3653(2010)
Han, E.H., et al. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health Part A 73 (21-22), 1451-1464 (2010) :
Cao, H., et al. Tohoku J. Exp. Med. 222(1):15-21(2010)
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