|Application ||WB, E|
|Calculated MW||87344 Da|
|Antigen Region||128-156 aa|
|Other Names||Nucleolar RNA helicase 2, DEAD box protein 21, Gu-alpha, Nucleolar RNA helicase Gu, Nucleolar RNA helicase II, RH II/Gu, DDX21|
|Target/Specificity||This DDX21 antibody is generated from rabbits immunized with a KLH conjugated synthetic peptide between 128-156 amino acids from the N-terminal region of human DDX21.|
|Format||Purified polyclonal antibody supplied in PBS with 0.09% (W/V) sodium azide. This antibody is purified through a protein A column, followed by peptide affinity purification.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 2 weeks. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||DDX21 Antibody (N-term) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||RNA helicase that acts as a sensor of the transcriptional status of both RNA polymerase (Pol) I and II: promotes ribosomal RNA (rRNA) processing and transcription from polymerase II (Pol II) (PubMed:25470060). Binds various RNAs, such as rRNAs, snoRNAs, 7SK and, at lower extent, mRNAs (PubMed:25470060). In the nucleolus, localizes to rDNA locus, where it directly binds rRNAs and snoRNAs, and promotes rRNA transcription, processing and modification. Required for rRNA 2'- O-methylation, possibly by promoting the recruitment of late- acting snoRNAs SNORD56 and SNORD58 with pre-ribosomal complexes (PubMed:25470060, PubMed:25477391). In the nucleoplasm, binds 7SK RNA and is recruited to the promoters of Pol II-transcribed genes: acts by facilitating the release of P-TEFb from inhibitory 7SK snRNP in a manner that is dependent on its helicase activity, thereby promoting transcription of its target genes (PubMed:25470060). Functions as cofactor for JUN-activated transcription: required for phosphorylation of JUN at 'Ser-77' (PubMed:11823437, PubMed:25260534). Can unwind double-stranded RNA (helicase) and can fold or introduce a secondary structure to a single-stranded RNA (foldase) (PubMed:9461305). Involved in rRNA processing (PubMed:14559904, PubMed:18180292).|
|Cellular Location||Nucleus, nucleolus. Nucleus, nucleoplasm. Note=Present both in nucleolus and nucleoplasm. Interaction with JUN promotes translocation from the nucleolus to the nucleoplasm (PubMed:11823437, PubMed:18180292) Interaction with WDR46 is required for localization to the nucleolus (PubMed:23848194).|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
DEAD box proteins, characterized by the conserved motif Asp-Glu-Ala-Asp (DEAD), are putative RNA helicases. They are implicated in a number of cellular processes involving alteration of RNA secondary structure such as translation initiation, nuclear and mitochondrial splicing, and ribosome and spliceosome assembly. Based on their distribution patterns, some members of this family are believed to be involved in embryogenesis, spermatogenesis, and cellular growth and division. This gene encodes a DEAD box protein, which is an antigen recognized by autoimmune antibodies from a patient with watermelon stomach disease. This protein unwinds double-stranded RNA, folds single-stranded RNA, and may play important roles in ribosomal RNA biogenesis, RNA editing, RNA transport, and general transcription.
Holmstrom, T.H., et al. J. Biol. Chem. 283(11):7046-7053(2008)
Sugiyama, N., et al. Mol. Cell Proteomics 6(6):1103-1109(2007)
Ewing, R.M., et al. Mol. Syst. Biol. 3, 89 (2007) :
Olsen, J.V., et al. Cell 127(3):635-648(2006)
Nousiainen, M., et al. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(14):5391-5396(2006)
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