|Application ||WB, E|
|Calculated MW||104924 Da|
|Antigen Region||6-34 aa|
|Other Names||Ectonucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase family member 1, E-NPP 1, Membrane component chromosome 6 surface marker 1, Phosphodiesterase I/nucleotide pyrophosphatase 1, Plasma-cell membrane glycoprotein PC-1, Alkaline phosphodiesterase I, Nucleotide pyrophosphatase, NPPase, ENPP1, M6S1, NPPS, PC1, PDNP1|
|Target/Specificity||This ENPP1 antibody is generated from rabbits immunized with a KLH conjugated synthetic peptide between 6-34 amino acids from the N-terminal region of human ENPP1.|
|Format||Purified polyclonal antibody supplied in PBS with 0.09% (W/V) sodium azide. This antibody is purified through a protein A column, followed by peptide affinity purification.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 2 weeks. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||ENPP1 Antibody(N-term) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Synonyms||M6S1, NPPS, PC1, PDNP1|
|Function||By generating PPi, plays a role in regulating pyrophosphate levels, and functions in bone mineralization and soft tissue calcification. PPi inhibits mineralization by binding to nascent hydroxyapatite (HA) crystals, thereby preventing further growth of these crystals. Preferentially hydrolyzes ATP, but can also hydrolyze other nucleoside 5' triphosphates such as GTP, CTP, TTP and UTP to their corresponding monophosphates with release of pyrophosphate and diadenosine polyphosphates, and also 3',5'-cAMP to AMP. May also be involved in the regulation of the availability of nucleotide sugars in the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi, and the regulation of purinergic signaling. Appears to modulate insulin sensitivity and function.|
|Cellular Location||Cell membrane; Single-pass type II membrane protein. Basolateral cell membrane; Single-pass type II membrane protein. Secreted. Note=The proteolytically processed form is secreted (By similarity). Targeted to the basolateral membrane in polarized epithelial cells and in hepatocytes, and to matrix vesicles in osteoblasts. In bile duct cells and cancer cells, located to the apical cytoplasmic side|
|Tissue Location||Expressed in plasma cells and also in a number of non-lymphoid tissues, including the distal convoluted tubule of the kidney, chondrocytes and epididymis|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
This gene is a member of the ecto-nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase (ENPP) family. The encoded protein is a type II transmembrane glycoprotein comprising two identical disulfide-bonded subunits. This protein has broad specificity and cleaves a variety of substrates, including phosphodiester bonds of nucleotides and nucleotide sugars and pyrophosphate bonds of nucleotides and nucleotide sugars. This protein may function to hydrolyze nucleoside 5' triphosphates to their corresponding monophosphates and may also hydrolyze diadenosine polyphosphates. Mutations in this gene have been associated with 'idiopathic' infantile arterial calcification, ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spine (OPLL), and insulin resistance.
Ermakov, S., et al. Ann. Hum. Biol. 37(6):754-766(2010)
Bailey, S.D., et al. Diabetes Care 33(10):2250-2253(2010)
Wang, M., et al. Yi Chuan 32(8):808-816(2010)
Cruz, M., et al. Diabetes Metab. Res. Rev. 26(4):261-270(2010)
Moehlecke, M., et al. Arq. Bras. Cardiol. 94(2):157-161(2010)
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