|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||74 KDa|
|Other Names||Prostaglandin G/H synthase 2, Cyclooxygenase-2, COX-2, PHS II, Prostaglandin H2 synthase 2, PGH synthase 2, PGHS-2, Prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2, PTGS2, COX2|
|Format||0.01M PBS, pH 7.2, 0.1% Sodium azide, Glycerol 50%|
|Storage||Store at -20 °C.Stable for 12 months from date of receipt|
|Function||Converts arachidonate to prostaglandin H2 (PGH2), a committed step in prostanoid synthesis. Constitutively expressed in some tissues in physiological conditions, such as the endothelium, kidney and brain, and in pathological conditions, such as in cancer. PTGS2 is responsible for production of inflammatory prostaglandins. Up-regulation of PTGS2 is also associated with increased cell adhesion, phenotypic changes, resistance to apoptosis and tumor angiogenesis. In cancer cells, PTGS2 is a key step in the production of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), which plays important roles in modulating motility, proliferation and resistance to apoptosis.|
|Cellular Location||Microsome membrane; Peripheral membrane protein. Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Peripheral membrane protein|
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Critical component of colonic mucosal wound repair (By similarity). Mediates the formation of prostaglandins from arachidonate. May have a role as a major mediator of inflammation and/or a role for prostanoid signaling in activity-dependent plasticity.
Jones D.A.,et al.J. Biol. Chem. 268:9049-9054(1993).
Hla T.,et al.Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 89:7384-7388(1992).
Kosaka T.,et al.Eur. J. Biochem. 221:889-897(1994).
Appleby S.B.,et al.Biochem. J. 302:723-727(1994).
Sharma S.V.,et al.Submitted (NOV-2003) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases.
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