|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||32 KDa|
|Other Names||Translocator protein, Mitochondrial benzodiazepine receptor, PKBS, Peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor, PBR, TSPO, BZRP, MBR|
|Format||0.01M PBS, pH 7.2, 0.1% Sodium azide, Glycerol 50%|
|Storage||Store at -20 °C.Stable for 12 months from date of receipt|
|Function||Can bind protoporphyrin IX and may play a role in the transport of porphyrins and heme (By similarity). Promotes the transport of cholesterol across mitochondrial membranes and may play a role in lipid metabolism (PubMed:24814875), but its precise physiological role is controversial. It is apparently not required for steroid hormone biosynthesis. Was initially identified as peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor; can also bind isoquinoline carboxamides (PubMed:1847678).|
|Cellular Location||Mitochondrion membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein|
|Tissue Location||Found in many tissue types. Expressed at the highest levels under normal conditions in tissues that synthesize steroids.|
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Responsible for the manifestation of peripheral-type benzodiazepine recognition sites and is most likely to comprise binding domains for benzodiazepines and isoquinoline carboxamides. May play a role in the transport of porphyrins and heme. Plays a role in the transport of cholesterol across mitochondrial membranes in steroidogenic cells (By similarity).
Riond J.,et al.Eur. J. Biochem. 195:305-311(1991).
Yakovlev A.G.,et al.Gene 155:201-205(1995).
Costa B.,et al.Mol. Pharmacol. 69:37-44(2006).
Kalnine N.,et al.Submitted (MAY-2003) to the EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases.
Collins J.E.,et al.Genome Biol. 5:R84.1-R84.11(2004).
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