|Application ||WB, IF|
|Immunogen||Purified recombinant human AIF protein fragments expressed in E.coli.|
|Calculated MW||67 KDa|
|Other Names||AIFM1; AIFM1_HUMAN; Apoptosis inducing factor 1, mitochondrial; Apoptosis inducing factor; Apoptosis inducing factor, mitochondrion associated, 1; Apoptosis-inducing factor 1; CMTX4; COWCK; COXPD6; Harlequin; Hq; mAIF; MGC111425; MGC5706; mitochondrial; Neuropathy, axonal motor-sensory, with deafness and mental retardation; neuropathy, axonal, motor-sensory with deafness and mental retardation (Cowchock syndrome); PDCD 8; PDCD8; Programmed cell death 8 (apoptosis inducing factor); Programmed cell death 8; Programmed cell death 8 isoform 1; Programmed cell death 8 isoform 2; Programmed cell death 8 isoform 3; Programmed cell death protein 8; Programmed cell death protein 8 mitochondrial; Programmed cell death protein 8 mitochondrial precursor; Striatal apoptosis inducing factor.|
|Format||Purified mouse monoclonal antibody in PBS(pH 7.4) containing with 0.03% Proclin300 and 50% glycerol.|
|Storage||Store at -20 °C.Stable for 12 months from date of receipt|
|Function||Functions both as NADH oxidoreductase and as regulator of apoptosis. In response to apoptotic stimuli, it is released from the mitochondrion intermembrane space into the cytosol and to the nucleus, where it functions as a proapoptotic factor in a caspase-independent pathway. In contrast, functions as an antiapoptotic factor in normal mitochondria via its NADH oxidoreductase activity. The soluble form (AIFsol) found in the nucleus induces 'parthanatos' i.e. caspase-independent fragmentation of chromosomal DNA. Interacts with EIF3G,and thereby inhibits the EIF3 machinery and protein synthesis, and activates casapse-7 to amplify apoptosis. Plays a critical role in caspase- independent, pyknotic cell death in hydrogen peroxide-exposed cells. Binds to DNA in a sequence-independent manner.|
|Cellular Location||Mitochondrion intermembrane space. Mitochondrion inner membrane. Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Cytoplasm, perinuclear region. Note=Proteolytic cleavage during or just after translocation into the mitochondrial intermembrane space (IMS) results in the formation of an inner-membrane-anchored mature form (AIFmit). During apoptosis, further proteolytic processing leads to a mature form, which is confined to the mitochondrial IMS in a soluble form (AIFsol). AIFsol is released to the cytoplasm in response to specific death signals, and translocated to the nucleus, where it induces nuclear apoptosis. Colocalizes with EIF3G in the nucleus and perinuclear region Isoform 5: Cytoplasm|
|Tissue Location||Detected in muscle and skin fibroblasts (at protein level). Isoform 5 is frequently down-regulated in human cancers.|
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Functions both as NADH oxidoreductase and as regulator of apoptosis. In response to apoptotic stimuli, it is released from the mitochondrion intermembrane space into the cytosol and to the nucleus, where it functions as a proapoptotic factor in a caspase-
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