- CITATIONS: 1
|Application ||WB, IHC-P, FC, E|
|Calculated MW||70392 Da|
|Antigen Region||198-229 aa|
|Other Names||Pro-neuregulin-1, membrane-bound isoform, Pro-NRG1, Neuregulin-1, Acetylcholine receptor-inducing activity, ARIA, Breast cancer cell differentiation factor p45, Glial growth factor, Heregulin, HRG, Neu differentiation factor, Sensory and motor neuron-derived factor, NRG1, GGF, HGL, HRGA, NDF, SMDF|
|Target/Specificity||This NRG1 antibody is generated from rabbits immunized with a KLH conjugated synthetic peptide between 198-229 amino acids from the Central region of human NRG1.|
|Format||Purified polyclonal antibody supplied in PBS with 0.09% (W/V) sodium azide. This antibody is prepared by Saturated Ammonium Sulfate (SAS) precipitation followed by dialysis against PBS.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 2 weeks. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||NRG1 Antibody (Center) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Synonyms||GGF, HGL, HRGA, NDF, SMDF|
|Function||Direct ligand for ERBB3 and ERBB4 tyrosine kinase receptors. Concomitantly recruits ERBB1 and ERBB2 coreceptors, resulting in ligand-stimulated tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of the ERBB receptors. The multiple isoforms perform diverse functions such as inducing growth and differentiation of epithelial, glial, neuronal, and skeletal muscle cells; inducing expression of acetylcholine receptor in synaptic vesicles during the formation of the neuromuscular junction; stimulating lobuloalveolar budding and milk production in the mammary gland and inducing differentiation of mammary tumor cells; stimulating Schwann cell proliferation; implication in the development of the myocardium such as trabeculation of the developing heart. Isoform 10 may play a role in motor and sensory neuron development. Binds to ERBB4 (PubMed:10867024, PubMed:7902537). Binds to ERBB3 (PubMed:20682778). Acts as a ligand for integrins and binds (via EGF domain) to integrins ITGAV:ITGB3 or ITGA6:ITGB4. Its binding to integrins and subsequent ternary complex formation with integrins and ERRB3 are essential for NRG1-ERBB signaling. Induces the phosphorylation and activation of MAPK3/ERK1, MAPK1/ERK2 and AKT1 (PubMed:20682778). Ligand-dependent ERBB4 endocytosis is essential for the NRG1-mediated activation of these kinases in neurons (By similarity).|
|Cellular Location||Pro-neuregulin-1, membrane-bound isoform: Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Note=Does not seem to be active Isoform 8: Nucleus. Note=May be nuclear. Isoform 10: Membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Note=May possess an internal uncleaved signal sequence|
|Tissue Location||Type I isoforms are the predominant forms expressed in the endocardium. Isoform alpha is expressed in breast, ovary, testis, prostate, heart, skeletal muscle, lung, placenta liver, kidney, salivary gland, small intestine and brain, but not in uterus, stomach, pancreas, and spleen. Isoform 3 is the predominant form in mesenchymal cells and in non-neuronal organs, whereas isoform 6 is the major neuronal form. Isoform 8 is expressed in spinal cord and brain. Isoform 9 is the major form in skeletal muscle cells; in the nervous system it is expressed in spinal cord and brain. Also detected in adult heart, placenta, lung, liver, kidney, and pancreas. Isoform 10 is expressed in nervous system: spinal cord motor neurons, dorsal root ganglion neurons, and brain. Predominant isoform expressed in sensory and motor neurons. Not detected in adult heart, placenta, lung, liver, skeletal muscle, kidney, and pancreas. Not expressed in fetal lung, liver and kidney. Type IV isoforms are brain-specific|
Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Neuregulin 1 (NRG1) was originally identified as a 44-kD glycoprotein that interacts with the NEU/ERBB2 receptor tyrosine kinase to increase its phosphorylation on tyrosine residues. It is known that an extraordinary variety of different isoforms are produced from the NRG1 gene by alternative splicing. These isoforms include heregulins (HRGs), glial growth factors (GGFs) and sensory and motor neuron-derived factor (SMDF). They are tissue-specifically expressed and differ significantly in their structure. The HRG isoforms all contain immunoglobulin (Ig) and epidermal growth factor-like (EGF-like) domains. GGF and GGF2 isoforms contain a kringle-like sequence plus Ig and EGF-like domains; and the SMDF isoform shares only the EGF-like domain with other isoforms. The receptors for all NRG1 isoforms are the ERBB family of tyrosine kinase transmembrane receptors. Through interaction with ERBB receptors, NRG1 isoforms induce the growth and differentiation of epithelial, neuronal, glial, and other types of cells.
Stove, C., et al., J. Invest. Dermatol. 121(4):802-812 (2003).
Adelaide, J., et al., Genes Chromosomes Cancer 37(4):333-345 (2003).
Ritch, P.A., et al., J. Biol. Chem. 278(23):20971-20978 (2003).
Vermeer, P.D., et al., Nature 422(6929):322-326 (2003).
Atlas, E., et al., Mol. Cancer Res. 1(3):165-175 (2003).
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