- CITATIONS: 1
|Application ||WB, IF, E|
|Other Accession||O70437, P97471|
|Calculated MW||60439 Da|
|Antigen Region||255-284 aa|
|Other Names||Mothers against decapentaplegic homolog 4, MAD homolog 4, Mothers against DPP homolog 4, Deletion target in pancreatic carcinoma 4, SMAD family member 4, SMAD 4, Smad4, hSMAD4, SMAD4, DPC4, MADH4|
|Target/Specificity||This SMAD4 antibody is generated from rabbits immunized with a KLH conjugated synthetic peptide between 255-284 amino acids from human SMAD4.|
|Format||Purified polyclonal antibody supplied in PBS with 0.09% (W/V) sodium azide. This antibody is purified through a protein A column, followed by peptide affinity purification.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 2 weeks. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||SMAD4 Antibody (T277) is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||In muscle physiology, plays a central role in the balance between atrophy and hypertrophy. When recruited by MSTN, promotes atrophy response via phosphorylated SMAD2/4. MSTN decrease causes SMAD4 release and subsequent recruitment by the BMP pathway to promote hypertrophy via phosphorylated SMAD1/5/8. Acts synergistically with SMAD1 and YY1 in bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-mediated cardiac-specific gene expression. Binds to SMAD binding elements (SBEs) (5'-GTCT/AGAC-3') within BMP response element (BMPRE) of cardiac activating regions (By similarity). Common SMAD (co-SMAD) is the coactivator and mediator of signal transduction by TGF-beta (transforming growth factor). Component of the heterotrimeric SMAD2/SMAD3-SMAD4 complex that forms in the nucleus and is required for the TGF-mediated signaling. Promotes binding of the SMAD2/SMAD4/FAST-1 complex to DNA and provides an activation function required for SMAD1 or SMAD2 to stimulate transcription. Component of the multimeric SMAD3/SMAD4/JUN/FOS complex which forms at the AP1 promoter site; required for synergistic transcriptional activity in response to TGF-beta. May act as a tumor suppressor. Positively regulates PDPK1 kinase activity by stimulating its dissociation from the 14-3-3 protein YWHAQ which acts as a negative regulator.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Note=Cytoplasmic in the absence of ligand. Migrates to the nucleus when complexed with R-SMAD (PubMed:15799969). PDPK1 prevents its nuclear translocation in response to TGF-beta (PubMed:17327236)|
Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
SMAD4 is the common SMAD (co-SMAD)mediator of signal transduction by TGF-beta (transforming growth factor). It promotes binding of the SMAD2/SMAD4/FAST-1 complex to DNA and provides an activation function required for SMAD1 or SMAD2 to stimulate transcription. It may act as a tumor suppressor.
Sekiya, T., et al., Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 320(3):680-684 (2004).
Horvath, L.G., et al., Prostate 59(3):234-242 (2004).
Li, L., et al., Mol. Cell. Biol. 24(2):856-864 (2004).
Wan, M., et al., J. Biol. Chem. 279(15):14484-14487 (2004).
Maru, D., et al., Oncogene 23(3):859-864 (2004).
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