|Application ||WB, E|
|Other Accession||NP_847899, 30581170|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||41044 Da|
|Application Notes||CCR3 antibody can be used for the detection of CCR3 by Western blot at 1 - 2 µg/mL.|
|Other Names||CCR3 Antibody: CKR3, CD193, CMKBR3, CC-CKR-3, C-C chemokine receptor type 3, Eosinophil eotaxin receptor, C-C CKR-3, chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 3|
|Reconstitution & Storage||CCR3 antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year. As with all antibodies care should be taken to avoid repeated freeze thaw cycles. Antibodies should not be exposed to prolonged high temperatures.|
|Precautions||CCR3 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Receptor for a C-C type chemokine. Binds to eotaxin, eotaxin-3, MCP-3, MCP-4, RANTES and MIP-1 delta. Subsequently transduces a signal by increasing the intracellular calcium ions level. Alternative coreceptor with CD4 for HIV-1 infection.|
|Cellular Location||Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein.|
|Tissue Location||In eosinophils as well as trace amounts in neutrophils and monocytes|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
CCR3 Antibody: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and related virus require coreceptors to infect target cells. Some G protein-coupled receptors including CCR5, CXCR4, CCR3, CCR2b, CCR8, GPR15, STRL33, and CX3CR1 in the chemokine receptor family were recently identified as HIV coreceptors. CCR5, CXCR4 and CCR3 are the principal receptors for HIV fusion and entry of target cells. CCR3 facilitates infection by a subset of virus. CCR3 and CCR5 promote efficient infection of microglia, the major target cells in the CNS. High levels of CCR3 and CXCR4 expression were found on the neurons from both the central and peripheral nervous systems. The CCR3 ligand, eotaxin, and an anti-CCR3 antibody inhibited HIV infection of microglia. These results indicate CCR3 plays an important role in HIV infection of CNS.
Feng Y, Broder CC, Kennedy PE, et al. HIV-1 entry cofactor: functional cDNA cloning of a seven-transmembrane, G protein-coupled receptor. Science 1996; 272:872-7.
Deng H, Liu R, Ellmeier W, et al. Identification of a major co-receptor for primary isolates of HIV-1. Nature 1996; 381:661-6.
Choe H, Farzan M, Sun Y, et al. The β-chemokine receptors CCR3 and CCR5 facilitate infection by primary HIV-1 isolates. Cell 1996; 85:1135-48.
He J, Chen Y, Farzan M, et al. CCR3 and CCR5 are co-receptors for HIV-1 infection of microglia. Nature 1997; 385:645-9.
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