|Application ||WB, IF, ICC, E|
|Other Accession||O14920, 14285497|
|Calculated MW||87 kDa|
|Application Notes||IKK beta antibody can be used for detection of IKK beta by Western blot at 0.5 µg/mL. A 87 kDa band should be detected. Antibody can also be used for immunocytochemistry starting at 10 µg/mL. For immunofluorescence start at 10 µg/mL.|
|Other Names||IKK beta Antibody: IKK2, IKKB, IMD15, NFKBIKB, IKK-beta, Inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-B kinase subunit beta, I-kappa-B kinase 2, I-kappa-B-kinase beta, inhibitor of kappa light polypeptide gene enhancer in B-cells, kinase beta|
|Target/Specificity||IKBKB; This polyclonal antibody has no cross response to IKKa or IKKy.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||IKK beta antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year. As with all antibodies care should be taken to avoid repeated freeze thaw cycles. Antibodies should not be exposed to prolonged high temperatures.|
|Precautions||IKK beta Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Serine kinase that plays an essential role in the NF- kappa-B signaling pathway which is activated by multiple stimuli such as inflammatory cytokines, bacterial or viral products, DNA damages or other cellular stresses. Acts as part of the canonical IKK complex in the conventional pathway of NF-kappa-B activation and phosphorylates inhibitors of NF-kappa-B on 2 critical serine residues. These modifications allow polyubiquitination of the inhibitors and subsequent degradation by the proteasome. In turn, free NF-kappa-B is translocated into the nucleus and activates the transcription of hundreds of genes involved in immune response, growth control, or protection against apoptosis. In addition to the NF-kappa-B inhibitors, phosphorylates several other components of the signaling pathway including NEMO/IKBKG, NF-kappa-B subunits RELA and NFKB1, as well as IKK-related kinases TBK1 and IKBKE. IKK-related kinase phosphorylations may prevent the overproduction of inflammatory mediators since they exert a negative regulation on canonical IKKs. Phosphorylates FOXO3, mediating the TNF- dependent inactivation of this pro-apoptotic transcription factor. Also phosphorylates other substrates including NCOA3, BCL10 and IRS1. Within the nucleus, acts as an adapter protein for NFKBIA degradation in UV-induced NF-kappa-B activation.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Nucleus. Membrane raft. Note=Colocalized with DPP4 in membrane rafts.|
|Tissue Location||Highly expressed in heart, placenta, skeletal muscle, kidney, pancreas, spleen, thymus, prostate, testis and peripheral blood|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
IKK beta Antibody: Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) is a ubiquitous transcription factor and an essential mediator of gene expression during activation of immune and inflammatory responses. NF-κB mediates the expression of a great variety of genes in response to extracellular stimuli including IL-1, TNFα, and bacteria product LPS. NF-κB is associated with IκB proteins in the cell cytoplasm, which inhibit NF-κB activity. The long-sought IκB kinase (IKK), which phosphorylates IκB, and mediates IκB degradation and NF-κB activation, was recently identified by several laboratories. IKK is a serine protein kinase, and the IKK complex contains alpha and beta subunits (IKKα and IKKβ). IKKα and IKKβ interact with each other and both are essential for NF-κB activation. IKKβ phosphorylates both IκB-alpha and IκB-beta. IKKβ is expressed in variety of human tissues.
DiDonato JA, Hayakawa M, Rothwarf DM, Zandi E, Karin M. A cytokine-responsive IκB kinase that activates the transcription factor NF-κB. Nature 1997;388:548-54
Regnier CH, Song HY, Gao X, Goeddel DV, Cao Z, Rothe M. Identification and characterization of an IκB kinase. Cell 1997;90:373-83
Zandi E, Rothwarf DM, Delhase M, Hayakawa M, Karin M. The IκB kinase complex (IKK) contains two kinase subunits, IKKα and IKKα, necessary for IκB phosphorylation and NF-κB activation. Cell 1997;91:243-52
Woronicz JD, Gao X, Cao Z, Rothe M, Goeddel DY. IκB kinase-β: NF-κB activation and complex formation with IκB kinase-α and NIK. Science 1997;278:866-9
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