|Application ||WB, ICC, E|
|Other Accession||NP_037386, 7019547|
|Calculated MW||84 kDa|
|Application Notes||NAK antibody can be used for detection of NAK/TBK1 by Western blot. An 84 kDa band should be detected. Antibody can also be used for immunocytochemistry starting at 10 µg/mL.|
|Other Names||NAK Antibody: NAK, T2K, NAK, NF-kappa-B-activating kinase, TANK-binding kinase 1|
|Target/Specificity||TBK1; No cross response to IKKa, IKKb, IKKy, or IKKe.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||NAK antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year. As with all antibodies care should be taken to avoid repeated freeze thaw cycles. Antibodies should not be exposed to prolonged high temperatures.|
|Precautions||NAK Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Serine/threonine kinase that plays an essential role in regulating inflammatory responses to foreign agents. Following activation of toll-like receptors by viral or bacterial components, associates with TRAF3 and TANK and phosphorylates interferon regulatory factors (IRFs) IRF3 and IRF7 as well as DDX3X. This activity allows subsequent homodimerization and nuclear translocation of the IRFs leading to transcriptional activation of pro-inflammatory and antiviral genes including IFNA and IFNB. In order to establish such an antiviral state, TBK1 form several different complexes whose composition depends on the type of cell and cellular stimuli. Thus, several scaffolding molecules including FADD, TRADD, MAVS, AZI2, TANK or TBKBP1/SINTBAD can be recruited to the TBK1-containing-complexes. Under particular conditions, functions as a NF-kappa-B effector by phosphorylating NF-kappa-B inhibitor alpha/NFKBIA, IKBKB or RELA to translocate NF-Kappa-B to the nucleus. Restricts bacterial proliferation by phosphorylating the autophagy receptor OPTN/Optineurin on 'Ser- 177', thus enhancing LC3 binding affinity and antibacterial autophagy. Phosphorylates and activates AKT1. Seems to play a role in energy balance regulation by sustaining a state of chronic, low-grade inflammation in obesity, wich leads to a negative impact on insulin sensitivity. Attenuates retroviral budding by phosphorylating the endosomal sorting complex required for transport-I (ESCRT-I) subunit VPS37C. Phosphorylates Borna disease virus (BDV) P protein.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Note=Upon mitogen stimulation or triggering of the immune system, TBK1 is recruited to the exocyst by EXOC2|
|Tissue Location||Ubiquitous with higher expression in testis. Expressed in the ganglion cells, nerve fiber layer and microvasculature of the retina.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
NAK Antibody: Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) is a ubiquitous transcription factor and an essential mediator of gene expression during activation of immune and inflammatory responses. NF-κB mediates the expression of a great variety of genes in response to extracellular stimuli. NF-κB is associated with IκB proteins in the cell cytoplasm, which inhibit NF-κB activity. Phosphorylation of I-kappaB by IκB kinase (IKK) complex leads to degradation of I-kappaB and activation of NF-κB. The IKK complex contains IKKα, IKKβ, and IKKγ. A novel IKK related kinase was recently identified and designated TBK1 (TANK-binding kinase 1), NAK (NF-κB-activating kinase), and T2K. NAK/TBK1 activates IKKβ through direct phosphorylation. NAK/TBK1 is activated by growth factors and PMA and mediates IKK and NF-κB activation in response to growth factors. NAK/TBK1 functions upstream of NIK and the IKK complex. NAK/TBK1 is also critical in protecting embryonic liver from apoptosis.
Pomerantz JL, Baltimore D. NF-κB activation by a signaling complex containing TRAF2, TANK and TBK1, a novel IKK-related kinase. EMBO J 1999;18(23):6694-704
Tojima Y, Fujimoto A, Delhase M, Chen Y, Hatakeyama S, Nakayama K, Kaneko Y, Nimura Y, Motoyama N, Ikeda K, Karin M, Nakanishi M. NAK is an IκB kinase-activating kinase. Nature 2000;404(6779):778-82
Bonnard M, Mirtsos C, Suzuki S, Graham K, Huang J, Ng M, Itie A, Wakeham A, Shahinian A, Henzel WJ, Elia AJ, Shillinglaw W, Mak TW, Cao Z, Yeh WC. Deficiency of T2K leads to apoptotic liver degeneration and impaired NF-κB-dependent gene transcription. EMBO J. 2000;19(18):4976-85.
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