|Application ||WB, IHC-P, IF, E|
|Other Accession||P39687, 730318|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||35 kDa|
|Application Notes||PHAP antibody can be used for detection of PHAP I and PHAP III by Western blot at 1 µg/mL. At approximately 35 kDa and 32 kDa a band can be detected. Antibody can also be used for immunohistochemistry starting at 10 µg/mL. For immunofluorescence start at 20 µg/mL.|
|Other Names||PHAP Antibody: LANP, MAPM, PP32, HPPCn, PHAP1, PHAPI, I1PP2A, C15orf1, LANP, Acidic leucine-rich nuclear phosphoprotein 32 family member A, Acidic nuclear phosphoprotein pp32, acidic (leucine-rich) nuclear phosphoprotein 32 family, member A|
|Reconstitution & Storage||PHAP antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year. As with all antibodies care should be taken to avoid repeated freeze thaw cycles. Antibodies should not be exposed to prolonged high temperatures.|
|Precautions||PHAP Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Synonyms||C15orf1, LANP, MAPM, PHAP1|
|Function||Implicated in a number of cellular processes, including proliferation, differentiation, caspase-dependent and caspase- independent apoptosis, suppression of transformation (tumor suppressor), inhibition of protein phosphatase 2A, regulation of mRNA trafficking and stability in association with ELAVL1, and inhibition of acetyltransferases as part of the INHAT (inhibitor of histone acetyltransferases) complex. Plays a role in E4F1- mediated transcriptional repression.|
|Cellular Location||Nucleus. Cytoplasm. Endoplasmic reticulum. Note=Translocates to the cytoplasm during the process of neuritogenesis (By similarity). Shuttles between nucleus and cytoplasm.|
|Tissue Location||Expressed in all tissues tested. Highly expressed in kidney and skeletal muscle, moderate levels of expression in brain, placenta and pancreas, and weakly expressed in lung. Found in all regions of the brain examined (amygdala, caudate nucleus, corpus callosum, hippocampus and thalamus), with highest levels in amygdala.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
PHAP Antibody: Apoptosis is related to many diseases and development. Caspase-9 plays a central role in cell death induced by a variety of apoptosis activators. Cytochrome c, after released from mitochondria, binds to Apaf-1, which forms an apoptosome that in turn binds to and activate procaspase-9. Activated caspase-9 cleaves and activates the effector caspases (caspase-3, -6 and -7), which are responsible for the proteolytic cleavage of many key proteins in apoptosis. The tumor suppressor putative HLA-DR-associated proteins (PHAPs) were recently identified as important regulators of mitochondrion apoptosis. PHAP appears to facilitate apoptosome-medicated caspase-9 activation and to stimulate the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway. PHAP was also shown to oppose both Ras- and Myc-medicated cell transformation.
Jiang X, Kim HE, Shu H, Zhao Y, Zhang H, Kofron J, Donnelly J, Burns D, Ng SC , Rosenberg S, Wang X. Distinctive roles of PHAP proteins and prothymosin-α in a death regulatory pathway. Science. 2003;299(5604):223-6.
Nicholson DW, Thornberry NA. Apoptosis. Life and death decisions. Science. 2003 10;299(5604):214-5.
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