|Application ||WB, IHC-P, IF, E|
|Other Accession||NP_891549, 41281981|
|Calculated MW||76422 Da|
|Application Notes||TRIF antibody can be used for detection of TRIF by Western blot at 2 to 4 µg/mL. Antibody can also be used for immunohistochemistry starting at 10 µg/mL. For immunofluorescence start at 10 µg/mL.|
|Other Names||TRIF Antibody: TRIF, IIAE6, MyD88-3, PRVTIRB, TICAM-1, TRIF, TIR domain-containing adapter molecule 1, Proline-rich, vinculin and TIR domain-containing protein B, toll-like receptor adaptor molecule 1|
|Reconstitution & Storage||TRIF antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year. As with all antibodies care should be taken to avoid repeated freeze thaw cycles. Antibodies should not be exposed to prolonged high temperatures.|
|Precautions||TRIF Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Involved in innate immunity against invading pathogens. Adapter used by TLR3 and TLR4 (through TICAM2) to mediate NF- kappa-B and interferon-regulatory factor (IRF) activation, and to induce apoptosis. Ligand binding to these receptors results in TRIF recruitment through its TIR domain. Distinct protein- interaction motifs allow recruitment of the effector proteins TBK1, TRAF6 and RIPK1, which in turn, lead to the activation of transcription factors IRF3 and IRF7, NF-kappa-B and FADD respectively.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasmic vesicle, autophagosome. Note=Colocalizes with UBQLN1 in the autophagosome.|
|Tissue Location||Ubiquitously expressed but with higher levels in liver.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
TRIF Antibody: TRIF is a member of the Toll/interleukin-1 receptor (TIR) family, a group of proteins that include the Toll-like receptors (TLRs). TLRs are signaling molecules that recognize different pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and serve as an important link between the innate and adaptive immune responses. TRIF, along with other molecules such as TIRP, TIRAP, and MyD88, serves as an adaptor protein to several of the TLR molecules. Following activation of TLR3 and TLR4, TRIF engages the kinase TBK1 and allows its subsequent activation of the interferon regulatory factor (IRF)-3. TRIF is also involved in the activation of TNF receptor associated factor (TRAF)-6, and ultimately the activation of NF-κB.
O’Neill LAJ, Fitzgerald FA, and Bowie AG. The Toll-IL-1 receptor adaptor family grows to five members. Trends in Imm. 2003; 24:286-9.
Vogel SN, Fitzgerald KA, and Fenton MJ. TLRs: differential adapter utilization by toll-like receptors mediates TLR-specific patterns of gene expression. Mol. Interv. 2003;3:466-77.
Takeda K, Kaisho T, and Akira S. Toll-like receptors. Annu. Rev. Immunol. 2003;21:335-76.
Janeway CA Jr and Medzhitov R. Innate immune recognition. Annu. Rev. Immunol. 2002;20:197-216.
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