|Application ||WB, IHC-P, IF, E|
|Other Accession||AAP81748, 32435943|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||26916 Da|
|Application Notes||TIRP antibody can be used for detection of TIRP by Western blot at 1 µg/mL. Antibody can also be used for immunohistochemistry starting at 2 µg/mL. For immunofluorescence start at 20 µg/mL.|
|Other Names||TIRP Antibody: TIRP, TRAM, TIRAP3, MyD88-4, TICAM-2, TIRP, TIR domain-containing adapter molecule 2, Putative NF-kappa-B-activating protein 502, toll-like receptor adaptor molecule 2|
|Reconstitution & Storage||TIRP antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year. As with all antibodies care should be taken to avoid repeated freeze thaw cycles. Antibodies should not be exposed to prolonged high temperatures.|
|Precautions||TIRP Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Synonyms||TIRAP3, TIRP, TRAM|
|Function||Functions as sorting adapter in LPS-TLR4 signaling to regulate the MYD88-independent pathway during the innate immune response to LPS. Physically bridges TLR4 and TICAM1 and functionally transmits LPS-TRL4 signal to TICAM1; signaling is proposed to occur in early endosomes after endocytosis of TLR4. May also be involved in IL1-triggered NF-kappa-B activation, functioning upstream of IRAK1, IRAK2, TRAF6, and IKBKB; however, reports are controversial. Involved in IL-18 signaling and is proposed to function as a sorting adaptor for MYD88 in IL-18 signaling during adaptive immune response.|
|Cellular Location||Isoform 1: Cytoplasm. Golgi apparatus. Cell membrane. Endoplasmic reticulum. Early endosome membrane. Late endosome membrane. Note=Localized to the plasma membrane as a result of myristoylation. Phosphorylation on Ser-16 leads to its depletion from the membrane. Upon LPS stimulation colcoalizes with isoform 2 in late endosomes|
|Tissue Location||Expressed in spleen, prostate, testis, uterus, small intestine, colon, peripheral blood leukocytes, heart, placenta, lung, liver, skeletal muscle, and pancreas Isoform 2 is ubiquitously expressed (at lower levels than isoform 1)|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
TIRP Antibody: TIRP is a member of the Toll/interleukin-1 receptor (TIR) family, a group of proteins that include the Toll-like receptors (TLRs). TLRs are signaling molecules that recognize different pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and serve as an important link between the innate and adaptive immune responses. TIRP, along with other molecules such as TRIF, MAL, and MyD88, serves as an adaptor protein that allows for the interaction and activation of the IL-1R-associated kinase (IRAK) family, the subsequent activation of TNF receptor associated factor (TRAF)-6, and ultimately the activation of NF-κB. Expression of TIRP appears to be essential for TLR4 signalling.
O’Neill LAJ, Fitzgerald FA, and Bowie AG. The Toll-IL-1 receptor adaptor family grows to five members. Trends in Imm. 2003;24:286-9.
Vogel SN, Fitzgerald KA, and Fenton MJ. TLRs: differential adapter utilization by toll-like receptors mediates TLR-specific patterns of gene expression. Mol. Interv. 2003;3:466-77.
Takeda K, Kaisho T, and Akira S. Toll-like receptors. Annu. Rev. Immunol. 2003;21:335-76.
Janeway CA Jr and Medzhitov R. Innate immune recognition. Annu. Rev. Immunol. 2002;20:197-216.
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