|Application ||WB, IF, ICC, E|
|Other Accession||Q8K4Q0, 46577497|
|Calculated MW||149471 Da|
|Application Notes||Raptor antibody can be used for the detection of Raptor by Western blot at 2 and 4 µg/mL. Antibody can also be used for immunocytochemistry starting at 1 µg/mL. For immunofluorescence start at 10 µg/mL.|
|Other Names||Raptor Antibody: Rap, Raptor, mKIAA1303, 4932417H02Rik, Regulatory-associated protein of mTOR, regulatory associated protein of MTOR, complex 1|
|Target/Specificity||Rptor; Raptor has multiple isoforms that may also be recognized by antibody.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||Raptor antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year. As with all antibodies care should be taken to avoid repeated freeze thaw cycles. Antibodies should not be exposed to prolonged high temperatures.|
|Precautions||Raptor Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Involved in the control of the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) activity which regulates cell growth and survival, and autophagy in response to nutrient and hormonal signals; functions as a scaffold for recruiting mTORC1 substrates. mTORC1 is activated in response to growth factors or amino acids. Growth factor-stimulated mTORC1 activation involves a AKT1- mediated phosphorylation of TSC1-TSC2, which leads to the activation of the RHEB GTPase that potently activates the protein kinase activity of mTORC1. Amino acid-signaling to mTORC1 requires its relocalization to the lysosomes mediated by the Ragulator complex and the Rag GTPases. Activated mTORC1 up-regulates protein synthesis by phosphorylating key regulators of mRNA translation and ribosome synthesis. mTORC1 phosphorylates EIF4EBP1 and releases it from inhibiting the elongation initiation factor 4E (eiF4E). mTORC1 phosphorylates and activates S6K1 at 'Thr-389', which then promotes protein synthesis by phosphorylating PDCD4 and targeting it for degradation. Involved in ciliogenesis (By similarity).|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Lysosome. Cytoplasmic granule. Note=Targeting to lysosomes depends on amino acid availability (By similarity) During oxidative stress, accumulates in stress granules when associated with SPAG5 and association with lysosomes is drastically decreased.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Raptor Antibody: The mammalian Target of Rapamycin (TOR, also known as mTOR) is an evolutionarily conserved serine/threonine kinase that regulates cell growth and cell cycle through its ability to integrate signals from nutrient levels and growth factors. Rapamycin inhibits TOR activity resulting in reduced cell growth and reduced rates of cell cycle and cell proliferation. Raptor (regulatory associated protein of TOR) is a TOR-binding protein essential for TOR signaling in vivo. It acts as a TOR scaffold protein whose binding by TOR substrates is necessary for effective TOR-catalyzed phosphorylation. These substrates include the ribosomal protein S6 kinase (RP S6K) and the eukaryotic initiation factor 4E binding protein 4EBP1, proteins necessary for cell growth and proliferation and responsive to nutrient and mitogen levels. Raptor binds these proteins through a common 5 amino acid TOR-signaling (TOS) motif; mutation of this motif prevents the TOR-dependent phosphorylation of these proteins.
Shamji AF, Ngheim P, and Schreiber SL. Integration of growth factor and nutrient signaling: implications for cancer biology. Mol. Cell 2003; 12:271-80.
Fingar DC and Blenis J. Target of rapamycin (TOR): an integrator of nutrient and growth factor signals and coordinator of cell growth and cell cycle progression. Oncogene 2004; 23:3151-71.
Yonezawa K, Tokunaga C, Oshiro N, et al. Raptor, a binding partner of target of rapamycin. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2004; 313:437-441.
Hara K, Yonezawa K, Weng QP, et al. Amino acid sufficiency and mTOR regulate p70 S6 kinase and eIF-4E BP1 through a common effector mechanism. J. Biol. Chem. 1998; 273:14484-94.
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