|Application ||WB, IF, ICC, E|
|Other Accession||NP_945320, 39812019|
|Calculated MW||21970 Da|
|Application Notes||AES antibody can be used for the detection of AES by Western blot at 2 - 4 µg/mL. Antibody can also be used for immunocytochemistry starting at 10 µg/mL. For immunofluorescence start at 20 µg/mL.|
|Other Names||AES Antibody: GRG, ESP1, GRG5, TLE5, AES-1, AES-2, GRG, Amino-terminal enhancer of split, Gp130-associated protein GAM, Amino enhancer of split, amino-terminal enhancer of split|
|Reconstitution & Storage||AES antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year. As with all antibodies care should be taken to avoid repeated freeze thaw cycles. Antibodies should not be exposed to prolonged high temperatures.|
|Precautions||AES Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Transcriptional corepressor. Acts as dominant repressor towards other family members. Inhibits NF-kappa-B-regulated gene expression. May be required for the initiation and maintenance of the differentiated state. Essential for the transcriptional repressor activity of SIX3 during retina and lens development.|
|Tissue Location||Found predominantly in muscle, heart and Placenta. In fetal tissues, abundantly expressed in the heart, lung, kidney, brain and liver|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
AES Antibody: Adhesion to extracellular matrix regulates cell survival through both integrin engagement and appropriate cell spreading. Anoikis is the molecular mechanism of apop-tosis induced by integrin detachment. Amino-terminal enhancer of split (AES) is a member of the Groucho/ transducin-like enhancer of split (TLE) family of transcriptional regulators, a group of transcriptional co-repressors that play important roles in neurogenesis, segmentation, and sex determination. AES forms a complex with Bit1 (Bcl-2 inhibitor of transcription 1), a mitochondrial protein that is released into the cytoplasm upon onset of apoptosis. It has been suggested that this complex turns off a survival-promoting gene transcription program controlled by the TLE protein family. Interestingly, apoptosis of cells transfected with AES and Bit1 could be inhibited if the cells were allowed to attach to fibronectin through the alpha5beta1 integrin suggesting that the Bit1-AES pathway contributing to anoikis is regulated by integrins, and in particular, the alpha5beta1 integrin.
Martin SS and Vuori K. Regulation of Bcl-2 proteins during anoikis and amorphosis. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2004; 1692:145-57.
Miyasaka H, Choudhury BK, Hou WE, et al. Molecular cloning and expression of mouse and human cDNA encoding AES and ESG proteins with strong similarity to Drosophila enhancer of split groucho protein. Eur. J. Biochem. 1993; 216:343-52.
Chen G and Courey AJ. Groucho/TLE family proteins and transcriptional repression. Gene 2000; 249:1-16.
Jan Y, Matter M, Pai J-t, et al. A mitochondrial protein, Bit1, mediates apoptosis regulated by integrins and groucho/TLE corepressors. Cell 2004; 116:751-762.
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