|Application ||WB, IF, ICC, E|
|Other Accession||NP_612388, 226529863|
|Calculated MW||Predicted: 33, 36, 39, 42 kDa |
Observed: 50 kDa
|Application Notes||TIM-4 antibody can be used for the detection of TIM-4 by Western blot at 1 - 2 µg/mL. Antibody can also be used for immunocytochemistry starting at 10 µg/mL. For immunofluorescence start at 20 µg/mL.|
|Other Names||TIM-4 Antibody: TIM4, SMUCKLER, TIM4, T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing protein 4, T-cell immunoglobulin mucin receptor 4, TIMD-4, T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain containing 4|
|Target/Specificity||TIMD4; At least four isoforms of TIM-4 are known to exist; this antibody will detect all four isoforms.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||TIM-4 antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year. As with all antibodies care should be taken to avoid repeated freeze thaw cycles. Antibodies should not be exposed to prolonged high temperatures.|
|Precautions||TIM-4 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Phosphatidylserine receptor that enhances the engulfment of apoptotic cells. Involved in regulating T-cell proliferation and lymphotoxin signaling. Ligand for HAVCR1/TIMD1 (By similarity).|
|Cellular Location||Membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
TIM-4 Antibody: The T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain containing protein (TIM) family encodes cell surface receptors that are involved in the regulation of T helper (Th) -1 and -2 cell-mediated immunity. TIM-4, which is preferentially expressed on macrophages and dendritic cells, is the natural ligand of TIM-1, and this binding leads to T-cell expansion and cytokine production. Unlike other members of the TIM family, TIM-4 lacks a putative tyrosine phosphorylation signal sequence in its intracellular domain. The TIM-4 gene maps to a locus associated with predisposition to asthma in both mice and humans and with its connection to TIM-1-triggered Th2 responsiveness, may be considered as a candidate disease/predisposition gene for asthma.
Meyers JH, Sabatos CA, Chakravarti S, et al. The TIM family regulates autoimmune and allergic diseases. Trends Mol. Med. 2005; 11:362-9.
Meyers JH, Chakravarti S, Schlesinger D, et al. TIM-4 is the ligand for TIM-1, and the TIM-1-TIM4 interaction regulates T cell proliferation. Nat. Immunol. 2005; 6:455-64.
Kuchroo VK, Umetsu DT, DeKruyff RH, et al. The TIM gene family: emerging roles in immunity and disease. Nat. Rev. Immunol. 2003; 3:454-62.
Shakhov AN, Rybtsov S, Tumanov AV, et al. SMUCKLER/TIM4 is a distinct member of TIM family expressed by stromal cells of secondary lymphoid tissues and associated with lymphotoxin signaling.
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