|Application ||WB, IF, ICC, E|
|Other Accession||O43683, 8134347|
|Calculated MW||122375 Da|
|Application Notes||Bub1 antibody can be used for detection of bub1 by Western blot at 2 - 4 µg/mL. Antibody can also be used for immunocytochemistry starting at 10 µg/mL. For immunofluorescence start at 20 µg/mL.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||Bub1 antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year. As with all antibodies care should be taken to avoid repeated freeze thaw cycles. Antibodies should not be exposed to prolonged high temperatures.|
|Precautions||Bub1 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Serine/threonine-protein kinase that performs 2 crucial functions during mitosis: it is essential for spindle-assembly checkpoint signaling and for correct chromosome alignment. Has a key role in the assembly of checkpoint proteins at the kinetochore, being required for the subsequent localization of CENPF, BUB1B, CENPE and MAD2L1. Required for the kinetochore localization of PLK1. Plays an important role in defining SGOL1 localization and thereby affects sister chromatid cohesion. Acts as a substrate for anaphase-promoting complex or cyclosome (APC/C) in complex with its activator CDH1 (APC/C-Cdh1). Necessary for ensuring proper chromosome segregation and binding to BUB3 is essential for this function. Can regulate chromosome segregation in a kinetochore-independent manner. Can phosphorylate BUB3. The BUB1-BUB3 complex plays a role in the inhibition of APC/C when spindle-assembly checkpoint is activated and inhibits the ubiquitin ligase activity of APC/C by phosphorylating its activator CDC20. This complex can also phosphorylate MAD1L1. Kinase activity is essential for inhibition of APC/CCDC20 and for chromosome alignment but does not play a major role in the spindle-assembly checkpoint activity. Mediates cell death in response to chromosome missegregation and acts to suppress spontaneous tumorigenesis.|
|Cellular Location||Nucleus. Chromosome, centromere, kinetochore. Note=Nuclear in interphase cells. Accumulates gradually during G1 and S phase of the cell cycle, peaks at G2/M, and drops dramatically after mitosis. Localizes to the outer kinetochore. Kinetochore localization is required for normal mitotic timing and checkpoint response to spindle damage and occurs very early in prophase. AURKB, CASC5 and INCENP are required for kinetochore localization (By similarity)|
|Tissue Location||High expression in testis and thymus, less in colon, spleen, lung and small intestine. Expressed in fetal thymus, bone marrow, heart, liver, spleen and thymus. Expression is associated with cells/tissues with a high mitotic index|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Bub1 Antibody: Bub1 was initially identified as the mammalian homolog to the yeast protein through a cDNA screen. Bub1 encodes a kinase involved in the formation of the spindle checkpoint, an important mechanism that ensures high fidelity mitotic chromosome segregation. It is thought to be required for assembly of a functional inner centromere, sister chromatid cohesion via targeting of the Shugoshim protein and metaphase congression. Bub1 functions by phosphorylating cdc20, a member of the mitotic checkpoint complex and activating the spindle checkpoint. A related protein kinase Bub3 interacts with Bub1 and targets it to kinetochores prior to chromosome alignment. Mutations in bub1 have been associated with aneuploidy and several forms of cancer.
Pangilinan F, Li Q, Weaver T, et al. Mammalian BUB1 protein kinases: map positions and in vivo expression. Genomics1997; 46:379-88.
Williams GL, Roberts TM and Gjoerup OV. Bub1: Escapades in a cellular world. Cell Cycle2007; 6:1699-704.
Meraldi P and Sorger PK. A dual role for Bub1 in the spindle checkpoint and chromosome congression. EMBO J.2005; 24:1621-33.
Tang Z, Shu H, Oncel D, et al. Phosphorylation of cdc20 by bub1 provides a catalytic mechanism for APC/C inhibition by the spindle checkpoint. Mol. Cell2004; 16:387-97.
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