|Application ||WB, IHC-P, IF, E|
|Other Accession||NP_000238, 4557751|
|Calculated MW||Predicted: 42 kDa |
Observed: 46 kDa
|Application Notes||MICA antibody can be used for detection of MICA by Western blot at 0.5 - 2 µg/mL. Antibody can also be used for immunohistochemistry starting at 10 µg/mL. For immunofluorescence start at 20 µg/mL.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||MICA antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year. As with all antibodies care should be taken to avoid repeated freeze thaw cycles. Antibodies should not be exposed to prolonged high temperatures.|
|Precautions||MICA Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Seems to have no role in antigen presentation. Acts as a stress-induced self-antigen that is recognized by gamma delta T- cells. Ligand for the KLRK1/NKG2D receptor. Binding to KLRK1 leads to cell lysis.|
|Cellular Location||Cell membrane; Single- pass type I membrane protein Cytoplasm Note=Expressed on the cell surface in gastric epithelium, endothelial cells and fibroblasts and in the cytoplasm in keratinocytes and monocytes. Infection with human adenovirus 5 suppresses cell surface expression due to the adenoviral E3-19K protein which causes retention in the endoplasmic reticulum|
|Tissue Location||Widely expressed with the exception of the central nervous system where it is absent. Expressed predominantly in gastric epithelium and also in monocytes, keratinocytes, endothelial cells, fibroblasts and in the outer layer of Hassal's corpuscles within the medulla of normal thymus. In skin, expressed mainly in the keratin layers, basal cells, ducts and follicles Also expressed in many, but not all, epithelial tumors of lung, breast, kidney, ovary, prostate and colon. In thyomas, overexpressed in cortical and medullar epithelial cells. Tumors expressing MICA display increased levels of gamma delta T-cells|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
MICA Antibody: Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I proteins are ubiquitously expressed and mediate the recognition of intracellular antigens by cytotoxic T cells. A related family, termed the MHC class I chain-related (MIC) proteins are recognized by NKG2D, a receptor on NK and T cells, and promote anti-tumor activity. MICA, a member of the MIC family, is widely expressed on many tumors, and it is the MICA/NKG2D interaction that is thought to stimulate the anti-tumor reactivity by T lymphocytes. Both MICA and MICB mRNA are widely expressed in normal tissues, with MICA being present in virtually every tissue except the nervous system, suggesting that MIC protein expression may only be one component of the anti-tumor activity of the immune system.
Rudolph MG, Stanfield RL and Wilson IA. How TCRs bind MHCs, peptides, and coreceptors. Annu. Rev. Immunol. 2006; 24:419-66.
Bahram S, Bresnahan M, Geraghty DE, et al. A second lineage of mammalian major histocompatibility complex I genes. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 1994; 91:6259-63.
Bauer S, Groh V, Wu J, et al. Activation of NK cells and T cells by NKG2D, a receptor for stress-inducible MICA. Science 1999; 285:727-9.
Maccalli C, Pende D, Castelli C, et al. NKG2D engagement of colorectal cancer-specific T cells strengthens TCR-mediated antigen stimulation and elicits TCR independent anti-tumor activity. Eur. J. Immunol. 2003; 33:2033-43.
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