|Application ||WB, IHC-P, IF, E|
|Other Accession||NP_780690, 304766513|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||107264 Da|
|Application Notes||Grik4 antibody can be used for detection of Grik4 by Western blot at 0.5 - 2 µg/mL. Despite its predicted molecular weight, Grik4 often migrates at a lower molecular weight in SDS-PAGE. Antibody can also be used for immunohistochemistry starting at 2.5 µg/mL. For immunofluorescence start at 20 µg/mL.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||Grik4 antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year. As with all antibodies care should be taken to avoid repeated freeze thaw cycles. Antibodies should not be exposed to prolonged high temperatures.|
|Precautions||Grik4 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Receptor for glutamate. L-glutamate acts as an excitatory neurotransmitter at many synapses in the central nervous system. The postsynaptic actions of Glu are mediated by a variety of receptors that are named according to their selective agonists. This receptor binds kainate > quisqualate > glutamate >> AMPA (By similarity).|
|Cellular Location||Cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein. Cell junction, synapse, postsynaptic cell membrane; Multi-pass membrane protein|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Grik4 Antibody: Grik4 codes for the KA1 subunit of kainate-type ionotropic glutamate receptors which are critical regulators of network activity that act by modifying neuronal excitability, directly and indirectly, through GABAergic interneurons. Five subunits can assemble to form kainate receptors (KARs): GluR5 (coded by Grik1), GluR6 (coded by Grik2), and GluR7 (coded by Grik3) are the low-affinity subunits, and KA1 and KA2 are the high-affinity subunits. In the adult brain, KARs are located pre- and postsynaptically on pyramidal cells and on interneurons. Kainate receptors on GABA-containing interneurons enhance GABA release and thereby downregulate glutamatergic signaling. KARs have been implicated in numerous psychiatric disorders. Case control studies show significant association of Grik4 with both schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.
Tanaka K. Functions of glutamate transporters in the brain. Neurosci. Res.2000; 37:15-9.
Pinheiro P and Mulle C. Kainate receptors. Cell Tissue Res.2006; 326:457-82.
Mayer ML. GRIK4 and the Kainate Receptor. Am. J. Psychiatry2007; 164:1148.
Pickard BS, Malloy MP, Christoforou A, et al. Cytogenetic and genetic evidence supports a role for the kainate-type glutamate receptor gene, GRIK4, in schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Mol. Psychiatry2006; 11:847-57.
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