|Application ||WB, E|
|Other Accession||NP_000682, 22907049|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||50395 Da|
|Application Notes||Aldh3A1 antibody can be used for detection of Aldh3A1 by Western blot at 1 - 2 µg/mL.|
|Target/Specificity||ALDH3A1; At least two isoforms of Aldh3A1 are known to exist. This antibody is predicted to have no cross-reactivity to Aldh3A2.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||Aldh3A1 antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year. As with all antibodies care should be taken to avoid repeated freeze thaw cycles. Antibodies should not be exposed to prolonged high temperatures.|
|Precautions||Aldh3A1 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||ALDHs play a major role in the detoxification of alcohol-derived acetaldehyde. They are involved in the metabolism of corticosteroids, biogenic amines, neurotransmitters, and lipid peroxidation. This protein preferentially oxidizes aromatic aldehyde substrates. It may play a role in the oxidation of toxic aldehydes.|
|Tissue Location||High levels in stomach, esophagus and lung; low level in the liver and kidney|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Aldh3A1 Antibody: Aldh3A1 is a member of the aldehyde dehydrogenase superfamily, a group of NAD(P)(+)-dependent enzymes that catalyze the oxidation of a wide spectrum of aliphatic and aromatic aldehydes. Aldh3A1 is highly expressed in stomach and even more strongly in cornea, representing between 5 to 50% of the water soluble protein fraction in mammalian corneas. It is thought that Aldh3A1 acts to protect the cornea from UV-induced oxidative stress by not only detoxification of reactive aldehydes by also through the direct absorbtion of UV energy. However, corneas from Aldh3A1-null mice are indistinguishable from those from wild-type mice; mice lacking both Aldh3A1 and Aldh1A1 showed increased cataract formation following UVB exposure, suggesting that Aldh1A1 may be able to compensate for the loss of Aldh3A1.
Vasiliou V and Pappa A. Polymorphisms of human aldehyde dehydrogenases. Consequences for drug metabolism and disease. Pharmacology2000; 61:192-8.
Hsu LC, Chang WC, Shibuya A, et al. Human stomach aldehyde dehydrogenase cDNA and genomic cloning, primary structure, and expression in Escheria coli. J. Biol. Chem.1992; 267:3030-7.
Pappa A, Sophos NA and Vasiliou V. Corneal and Stomach expression of aldehyde dehydrogenases: from fish to mammals. Chem. Biol. Interact.2001; 130:181-91.
Estey T, Cantore M, Weston PA, et al. Mechanisms involved in the protection of UV-induced protein inactivation by the corneal crystallin ALDH3A1. J. Biol. Chem.2007; 282:4382-92.
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