|Application ||WB, IHC-P, IF, E|
|Other Accession||NP_005746, 14577917|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||25396 Da|
|Application Notes||EBI3 antibody can be used for the detection of EBI3 by Western blot at 2 µg/mL. Antibody can also be used for immunohistochemistry starting at 2.5 µg/mL. For immunofluorescence start at 20 µg/mL.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||EBI3 antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year. As with all antibodies care should be taken to avoid repeated freeze thaw cycles. Antibodies should not be exposed to prolonged high temperatures.|
|Precautions||EBI3 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Associates with IL27 to form the IL-27 interleukin, a heterodimeric cytokine which functions in innate immunity. IL-27 has pro- and anti-inflammatory properties, that can regulate T- helper cell development, suppress T-cell proliferation, stimulate cytotoxic T-cell activity, induce isotype switching in B-cells, and that has diverse effects on innate immune cells. Among its target cells are CD4 T-helper cells which can differentiate in type 1 effector cells (TH1), type 2 effector cells (TH2) and IL17 producing helper T-cells (TH17). It drives rapid clonal expansion of naive but not memory CD4 T-cells. It also strongly synergizes with IL-12 to trigger interferon-gamma/IFN-gamma production of naive CD4 T-cells, binds to the cytokine receptor WSX-1/TCCR. Another important role of IL-27 is its antitumor activity as well as its antiangiogenic activity with activation of production of antiangiogenic chemokines.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
EBI3 Antibody: EBI3 is a subunit in two distinct heterodimeric cytokines: interleukin-27 (IL-27) and IL-35. Like interleukin-23 (IL-23), IL-27 is a recently discovered member of the IL-6/IL-12 family of proinflammatory and immunoregulatory cytokines. It exists as a heterodimer composed of the p40-related protein EBI3 and an IL-12 p35-related protein termed p28. IL-27 is produced after activation by antigen-presenting cells and induces proliferation of naïve but not memory CD4+ T-cells. It acts by binding to its receptor WSX-1 (also known as TCCR) and gp130 which results in the activation of a Jak/STAT signaling cascade, suggesting the IL-27 is involved in the regulation of immune processes. It has been suggested that IL-27 can also be used as a therapeutic agent against cancer as it can also induce tumor-specific anti-tumor activity mediated through CD8+ T-cells, IFN-gamma, and T-bet. IL-35 is composed of EBI3 and the p35 subunit of IL-12 and has been reported to have therapeutic effects against collagen-induced arthritis by expanding the population of regulatory T cells and suppressing Th17 cells. At least two isoform of EBI3 are known to exist.
Pfanz S, Timans JC, Cheung J et al. IL-27, a heterodimeric cytokine composed of EBI3 and p28 protein, induces proliferation of naïve CD4(+) T cells. Immunity2002; 16:779-90.
Devergne O, Birkenbach M, and Kieff E. Epstein-Barr virus-induced gene 3 and the p35 subunit of interleukin form a novel heterodimeric hematopoietin. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA1997; 94:12041-6.
Niedbala W, Wei X, Cai B, et al. IL-35 is a novel cytokine with therapeutic effects against collagen-induced arthritis through the expression of regulatory T cells and suppression of Th17 cells. Eur. J. Immunol.2007; 3021-29.
Pfanz S, Hibbert L, Mattson J, et al. WSX-1 and glycoprotein 130 constitute a signal-transducing receptor for IL-27. J. Immunol.2004; 172:2225-31.
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