|Application ||WB, IHC-P, IF, E|
|Other Accession||Q9C0B1, 148841515|
|Calculated MW||58282 Da|
|Application Notes||FTO antibody can be used for detection of FTO by Western blot at 1 - 2 µg/mL. Antibody can also be used for immunohistochemistry starting at 2.5 µg/mL. For immunofluorescence start at 20 µg/mL.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||FTO antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year. As with all antibodies care should be taken to avoid repeated freeze thaw cycles. Antibodies should not be exposed to prolonged high temperatures.|
|Precautions||FTO Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Dioxygenase that repairs alkylated DNA and RNA by oxidative demethylation. Has highest activity towards single- stranded RNA containing 3-methyluracil, followed by single- stranded DNA containing 3-methylthymine. Has low demethylase activity towards single-stranded DNA containing 1-methyladenine or 3-methylcytosine (PubMed:18775698, PubMed:20376003). Specifically demethylates N(6)-methyladenosine (m6A) RNA, the most prevalent internal modification of messenger RNA (mRNA) in higher eukaryotes (PubMed:22002720, PubMed:26458103). Has no activity towards 1- methylguanine. Has no detectable activity towards double-stranded DNA. Requires molecular oxygen, alpha-ketoglutarate and iron. Contributes to the regulation of the global metabolic rate, energy expenditure and energy homeostasis. Contributes to the regulation of body size and body fat accumulation (PubMed:18775698, PubMed:20376003). In particular, it is involved in the regulation of thermogenesis and the control of adipocyte differentiation into brown or white fat cells (PubMed:26287746).|
|Cellular Location||Nucleus. Nucleus speckle|
|Tissue Location||Ubiquitously expressed, with relatively high expression in adrenal glands and brain; especially in hypothalamus and pituitary.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
FTO Antibody: Rising obesity rates are rapidly becoming a growing health concern in the developing world. The fat mass and obesity associated gene (FTO) is the first gene discovered to contribute to common forms of human obesity. FTO is a member of the non-heme dioxygenase superfamily, encoding a 2-oxoglutarate-dependent nucleic acid demethylase whose mRNA is widely expressed, especially in neurons of feeding-related nuclei of the brain. FTO mRNA in the arcuate nucleus in mice is up-regulated by feeding and down-regulated during fasting, although the opposite pattern has been observed in rats. At least four isoforms of FTO are known to exist.
Scuteri A, Sanna S, Chen W-M, et al. Genome-wide association scan shows genetic variants in the FTO gene are associated with obesity-related traits. PloS Genet.2007; 3:e115.
Gerken T, Girard CA, Tung YCL, et al. The obesity-associated FTO gene encodes a 2-oxyglutarate-dependent nucleic acid demethylase. Science2007; 318:1469-72.
Fredriksson R, Hagglund M, Olszewski PK, et al. The obesity gene, FTO, is of ancient origin, upregulated during food deprivation and expressed in neurons of feeding-related nuclei of the brain. Endocrinology2008; 149:2062-71.
Stratigopoulous G, Padilla S, Leduc CA, et al. Regulation of FTO/FTM gene expression in mice and humans. Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol.2008; 294:R1185-96.
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