|Application ||WB, IF, E|
|Other Accession||NP_060554, 50897852|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||216042 Da|
|Application Notes||Girdin antibody can be used for detection of Girdin by Western blot at 1 - 2 µg/mL. For immunofluorescence start at 20 µg/mL.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||Girdin antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year. As with all antibodies care should be taken to avoid repeated freeze thaw cycles. Antibodies should not be exposed to prolonged high temperatures.|
|Precautions||Girdin Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Plays a role as a key modulator of the AKT-mTOR signaling pathway controlling the tempo of the process of newborn neurons integration during adult neurogenesis, including correct neuron positioning, dendritic development and synapse formation (By similarity). Enhances phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)- dependent phosphorylation and kinase activity of AKT1/PKB, but does not possess kinase activity itself (By similarity). Phosphorylation of AKT1/PKB thereby induces the phosphorylation of downstream effectors GSK3 and FOXO1/FKHR, and regulates DNA replication and cell proliferation (By similarity). Essential for the integrity of the actin cytoskeleton and for cell migration (PubMed:16139227). Required for formation of actin stress fibers and lamellipodia (PubMed:15882442). May be involved in membrane sorting in the early endosome (PubMed:15882442). Plays a role in ciliogenesis and cilium morphology and positioning and this may partly be through regulation of the localization of scaffolding protein CROCC/Rootletin (PubMed:27623382).|
|Cellular Location||Membrane. Cell membrane Cytoplasm, cytosol. Cytoplasmic vesicle. Cell projection, lamellipodium. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, cilium basal body. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome, centriole. Note=Localizes to the cell membrane through interaction with phosphoinositides|
|Tissue Location||Expressed ubiquitously.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Girdin Antibody: Girdin is a Galpha-interacting protein that can enhance the activation of the protein kinase Akt, remodel the actin cytoskeleton, and is thought to be involved in the regulation of cell migration and cancer metastasis. It has recently been shown that Girdin interacts with Disrupted-in-Schizophrenia 1 (DISC1), a susceptibility gene for major psychiatric disorders. DISC1 is thought to be involved in the migration, positioning and differentiation of dentate granule cells (DGCs) during development; depletion of Girdin or blocking the Girdin-DISC1 interaction results in defects in axonal sprouting in the CA3 region of the hippocampus and overextended migration of mispositioning of DGCs, suggesting the Girdin plays a role in postnatal neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus.
Le-Niculescu H, Niesman I, Fischer T, et al. Identification and characterization of GIV, a novel Galpha i/s-interacting protein found on COPI, endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi transport vesicles. J. Biol. Chem.2005; 280:22012-20.
Anai M, Shojima N, Katagiri H, et al. A novel protein kinase B (PKB)/Akt-binding protein enhances PKB kinase activity and regulates DNA synthesis. J. Biol. Chem.2005; 280:18525-35.
Enomoto A, Murakami H, Asai N, et al. Akt/PKB regulated actin organization and cell motility via Girdin/APE. Dev. Cell2005; 9:389-402.
Enomoto A, Asai N, Namba T, et al. Roles of disrupted-in-schizophrenia 1-interacting protein girdin in postnatal development of the dentate gyrus. Neuron2009; 63:774-87.
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