|Application ||WB, E|
|Other Accession||Q9Y239, 20137579|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||107691 Da|
|Application Notes||NOD1 antibody can be used for detection of NOD1 by Western blot at 1 µg/mL.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||NOD1 antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year. As with all antibodies care should be taken to avoid repeated freeze thaw cycles. Antibodies should not be exposed to prolonged high temperatures.|
|Precautions||NOD1 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Enhances caspase-9-mediated apoptosis. Induces NF-kappa- B activity via RIPK2 and IKK-gamma. Confers responsiveness to intracellular bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS). Forms an intracellular sensing system along with ARHGEF2 for the detection of microbial effectors during cell invasion by pathogens. Required for RHOA and RIPK2 dependent NF-kappa-B signaling pathway activation upon S.flexneri cell invasion. Involved not only in sensing peptidoglycan (PGN)-derived muropeptides but also in the activation of NF-kappa-B by Shigella effector proteins IpgB2 and OspB. Recruits NLRP10 to the cell membrane following bacterial infection.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Cell membrane. Apical cell membrane. Basolateral cell membrane. Note=Detected in the cytoplasm and at the cell membrane. Following bacterial infection, localizes to bacterial entry sites in the cell membrane. Recruited to the basolateral and apical membranes in polarized epithelial cells|
|Tissue Location||Highly expressed in adult heart, skeletal muscle, pancreas, spleen and ovary. Also detected in placenta, lung, liver, kidney, thymus, testis, small intestine and colon|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
NOD1 Antibody: NOD1 is a member of the NOD (nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain) family, a group of proteins that are involved in innate immune defense. NOD1 contains an N-terminal caspase recruitment domain (CARD), a centrally located nucleotide-binding domain (NBD), and ten tandem leucine-rich repeats (LRRs) in its C-terminus. The CARD is involved in apoptotic signaling, and NOD1 activates caspase-9 and NF-κB. LRRs participate in protein-protein interactions, and mutations in the NBD may affect the process of oligomerization and subsequent function of the LRR domain. This protein is an intracellular pattern-recognition receptor (PRR) that initiates inflammation in response to a subset of bacteria through the detection of bacterial diaminopimelic acid.
Kufer TA, Banks DJ, and Philpott DJ. Innate immune sensing of microbes by Nod proteins. Ann. NY Acad. Sci.2006; 1072:19-27.
Inohara N, Koseki T, del Peso L, et al. Nod1, an Apaf-1-like activator of caspase-9 and nuclear factor-kappaB. J. Biol. Chem.1999; 274:14560-7.
Chamaillard M, Hashimoto M, Horie Y, et al. An essential role for NOD1 in host recognition of bacterial peptidoglycan containing diaminopimelic acid. Nat. Immunol.2003; 4:702-7.
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