|Application ||WB, IF, E|
|Other Accession||NP_001008496, 153792298|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||101089 Da|
|Application Notes||PIWI-L3 antibody can be used for detection of PIWI-L3 by Western blot at 1 µg/mL. Antibody can also be used for immunofluorescence starting at 20 µg/mL. For immunofluorescence start at 20 µg/mL.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||PIWI-L3 antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year. As with all antibodies care should be taken to avoid repeated freeze thaw cycles. Antibodies should not be exposed to prolonged high temperatures.|
|Precautions||PIWI-L3 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||May play a role during spermatogenesis by repressing transposable elements and preventing their mobilization, which is essential for the germline integrity. Acts via the piRNA metabolic process, which mediates the repression of transposable elements during meiosis by forming complexes composed of piRNAs and Piwi proteins and govern the methylation and subsequent repression of transposons. Directly binds piRNAs, a class of 24 to 30 nucleotide RNAs that are generated by a Dicer-independent mechanism and are primarily derived from transposons and other repeated sequence elements. Besides their function in transposable elements repression, piRNAs are probably involved in other processes during meiosis such as translation regulation (By similarity).|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Note=Probable component of the meiotic nuage, also named P granule, a germ-cell-specific organelle required to repress transposon activity during meiosis|
|Tissue Location||Expressed in testis.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
PIWI-L3 Antibody: PIWI-L3 is a member of the PIWI subfamily of Argonaute proteins, evolutionarily conserved proteins containing both PAZ and Piwi motifs that are crucial for the biogenesis and function of small non-coding RNAs and play important roles in stem cell self-renewal, RNA silencing, and translational regulation in diverse organisms. Recent studies have shown that overexpression of PIWI-L3 (as well as other PIWI-like proteins) are potential biomarkers for astrocytic glioma, meningioma, and other cancers.
Sasaki T, Shiohama A, Minoshima S, et al. Identification of eight members of the Argonaute family in the human genome small star, filled. Genomics2003; 323-30.
Thomson T and Lin H. The biogenesis and function PIWI proteins and piRNAs: progress and prospect. Annu. Rev. Cell Dev. Biol.2009; 25:355-76.
Wang XL, Chen XM, Gao HJ, et al. Preparation and distribution of polyclonal antibodies against human PIWIL3 protein in tumor tissues. Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi 2008; 24:714-6.
Li L, Yu C, Gao H, et al. Argonaute proteins: potential biomarkers for human colon cancer. BMC Cancer2010; 10:38.
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