|Application ||WB, IF, ICC, E|
|Other Accession||NP_005397, 4885583|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||158175 Da|
|Application Notes||ROCK1 antibody can be used for detection of ROCK1 by Western blot at 1 µg/mL. Antibody can also be used for immunocytochemistry starting at 10 µg/mL. For immunofluorescence start at 20 µg/mL.|
|Target/Specificity||ROCK1; ROCK1 antibody is predicted to not cross-react with other ROCK protein family members.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||ROCK1 antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year. As with all antibodies care should be taken to avoid repeated freeze thaw cycles. Antibodies should not be exposed to prolonged high temperatures.|
|Precautions||ROCK1 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Protein kinase which is a key regulator of actin cytoskeleton and cell polarity. Involved in regulation of smooth muscle contraction, actin cytoskeleton organization, stress fiber and focal adhesion formation, neurite retraction, cell adhesion and motility via phosphorylation of DAPK3, GFAP, LIMK1, LIMK2, MYL9/MLC2, PFN1 and PPP1R12A. Phosphorylates FHOD1 and acts synergistically with it to promote SRC-dependent non-apoptotic plasma membrane blebbing. Phosphorylates JIP3 and regulates the recruitment of JNK to JIP3 upon UVB-induced stress. Acts as a suppressor of inflammatory cell migration by regulating PTEN phosphorylation and stability. Acts as a negative regulator of VEGF-induced angiogenic endothelial cell activation. Required for centrosome positioning and centrosome-dependent exit from mitosis. Plays a role in terminal erythroid differentiation. May regulate closure of the eyelids and ventral body wall by inducing the assembly of actomyosin bundles. Promotes keratinocyte terminal differentiation. Involved in osteoblast compaction through the fibronectin fibrillogenesis cell-mediated matrix assembly process, essential for osteoblast mineralization.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome, centriole. Golgi apparatus membrane; Peripheral membrane protein. Cell projection, bleb. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Cell membrane. Cell projection, lamellipodium. Cell projection, ruffle. Note=Associated with the mother centriole and an intercentriolar linker. Colocalizes with ITGB1BP1 and ITGB1 at the cell membrane predominantly in lamellipodia and membrane ruffles, but also in retraction fibers. Localizes at the cell membrane in an ITGB1BP1-dependent manner (By similarity). A small proportion is associated with Golgi membranes.|
|Tissue Location||Detected in blood platelets.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
ROCK1 Antibody: ROCK1 is a member of the AGC serine/threonine protein kinase family that regulates the assembly of the actin cytoskeleton. ROCK1 contains a protein kinase domain, a coiled-coil region and a zinc finger region and appears to be present as a dimer. ROCK1, like its isozyme ROCK2, is a downstream target of the small G-protein Rho and plays a role in smooth muscle contraction, malignant cell transformation, tumor invasion and metastasis, and mediates the cellular morphological changes during apoptosis.
Ishizaki T, Maekawa M, Fujisawa K, et al. The small GTP-binding protein Rho binds to and activates a 160 kDa Ser/Thr protein kinase homologous to myotonic dystrophy kinase. EMBO J. 1996; 15:1885-93.
Takahashi N, Tuiki H, Saya H, et al. Localization of the gene coding for ROCK II/Rho kinase on human chromosome 2p24. Genomics 1999; 55:235-7.
Leung T, Chen XQ, Manser E, et al. The p160 RhoA-binding kinase ROK alpha is a member of a kinase family and is involved in the reorganization of the cytoskeleton. Mol. Cell Biol. 1996; 16:5313-27.
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