|Application ||WB, IF, E|
|Other Accession||NP_003646, 55770830|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||62 kDa|
|Application Notes||CBX4 antibody can be used for detection of CBX4 by Western blot at 1 µg/mL. For immunofluorescence start at 20 µg/mL.|
|Target/Specificity||CBX4; Two alternatively spliced transcript variants have been observed.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||CBX4 antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year. As with all antibodies care should be taken to avoid repeated freeze thaw cycles. Antibodies should not be exposed to prolonged high temperatures.|
|Precautions||CBX4 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||E3 SUMO-protein ligase which facilitates SUMO1 conjugation by UBE2I. Involved in the sumoylation of HNRNPK, a p53/TP53 transcriptional coactivator, hence indirectly regulates p53/TP53 transcriptional activation resulting in p21/CDKN1A expression. Monosumoylates ZNF131.|
|Cellular Location||Nucleus. Nucleus speckle. Note=Localization to nuclear polycomb bodies is required for ZNF131 sumoylation|
Thousands of laboratories across the world have published research that depended on the performance of antibodies from Abgent to advance their research. Check out links to articles that cite our products in major peer-reviewed journals, organized by research category.
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
CBX4 Antibody: Polycomb group (PcG) proteins are chromatin-associated proteins which are important for embryonic and adult stem cell self-renewal and maintenance. At least two distinct human PcG complexes have been identified. Polycomb repressive complex I (PRC1) contains CBX4/Pc2, HPH1 and RING domain-containing proteins (RING1, RING2 and BMI1). CBX4 (Chromobox protein homolog 4 or PC2), which functions as a transcriptional suppressor, is a candidate of KyoT2-binding proteins. It is a E3 SUMO-protein ligase which facilitates SUMO1 conjugation. Depletion of CBX4 results in decreased cellular resistance to ionizing radiation. CBX4 is directly involved in the cellular response to DNA damage.
Simon JA and Tamkun JW. Programming off and on states in chromatin: mechanisms of Polycomb and trithorax group complexes. Curr. Opin. Genet. Dev. 2002;12:210-8.
Gieni RS and Hendzel MJ. Polycomb group protein gene silencing, non-coding RNA, stem cells, and cancer. Biochem. Cell Biol. 2009; 87:711-46.
Luis NM, Morey L, Mejetta S, et al. Regulation of human epidermal stem cell proliferation and senescence requires polycomb-dependent and -independent functions of Cbx4. Cell. Stem Cell 2011; 9:233-46.
Ismail IH, Gagné JP, Caron MC, et al. CBX4-mediated SUMO modification regulates BMI1 recruitment at sites of DNA damage. Nucleic Acids Res. 2012 Mar 8.
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