|Application ||WB, IF, E|
|Other Accession||NP_060453, 157388939|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||49 kDa|
|Application Notes||WIPI1 antibody can be used for detection of Wipi1 by Western blot at 1 - 2 µg/mL. For immunofluorescence start at 20 µg/mL.|
|Target/Specificity||WIPI1; At least two isoforms of WIPI1 are known to exist; this antibody will detect both isoforms.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||WIPI1 antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year. As with all antibodies care should be taken to avoid repeated freeze thaw cycles. Antibodies should not be exposed to prolonged high temperatures.|
|Precautions||WIPI1 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Plays an important role in autophagy and in particular starvation- and calcium-mediated autophagy, as well as in mitophagy. Functions upstream of the ATG12-ATG5-ATG16L1 complex and LC3, and downstream of the ULK1 and PI3-kinase complexes. Involved in xenophagy of Staphylococcus aureus. Invading S.aureus cells become entrapped in autophagosome-like WIPI1 positive vesicles targeted for lysosomal degradation. Plays also a distinct role in controlling the transcription of melanogenic enzymes and melanosome maturation, a process that is distinct from starvation- induced autophagy. May also regulate the trafficking of proteins involved in the mannose-6-phosphate receptor (MPR) recycling pathway.|
|Cellular Location||Golgi apparatus, trans-Golgi network. Endosome. Cytoplasmic vesicle, clathrin-coated vesicle Preautophagosomal structure membrane; Peripheral membrane protein Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Note=Trans elements of the Golgi and peripheral endosomes. Dynamically cycles through these compartments and is susceptible to conditions that modulate membrane flux. Enriched in clathrin-coated vesicles. Upon starvation-induced autophagy, accumulates at subcellular structures in the cytoplasm: enlarged vesicular and lasso-like structures, and large cup-shaped structures predominantly around the nucleus. Recruitment to autophagic membranes is controlled by MTMR14. Labile microtubules specifically recruit markers of autophagosome formation like WIPI1, whereas mature autophagosomes may bind to stable microtubules|
|Tissue Location||Ubiquitously expressed. Highly expressed in skeletal muscle, heart, testis, pancreas and placenta. Highly expressed in G361, Sk-mel-28, Sk-mel-13, WM852 and WM451 cells Up-regulated in a variety of tumor tissues|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
WIPI1 Antibody: WIPI1 (WD repeat domain, phosphoinositide interacting-1), also known as WIPI1, ATG18 or WIPI49, is thought to play a role in autophagy and may regulate protein trafficking in certain recycling pathways. It contains three WD repeats and has a 7-bladed propeller structure with a conserved motif that facilitates its interaction with other proteins. WIPI1 localizes to cytoplasmic vesicles, endosomes, clathrin-coated vesicles and the trans-Golgi network. It is ubiquitously expressed with highest expression in heart, testis, placenta, pancreas and skeletal muscle. WIPI1 is upregulated in a variety of tumors, suggesting a role in carcinogenesis.
Proikas-Cezanne T and Robenek H. Freeze-fracture replica immunolabelling reveals human WIPI-1 and WIPI-2 as membrane proteins of autophagosomes. J. Cell. Mol. Med. 2011; 15:2007-10.
Jeffries TR, Dove SK, Michell RH, et al. PtdIns-specific MPR pathway association of a novel WD40 repeat protein, WIPI49. Mol. Biol. Cell. 2004;15:2652-63.
Proikas-Cezanne T, Waddell S, Gaugel A, et al. WIPI-1 (WIPI49), a member of the novel 7-bladed WIPI protein family, is aberrantly expressed in human cancer and is linked to starvation-induced autophagy. Oncogene 2004; 23:9314-25.
Proikas-Cezanne T, Ruckerbauer S, Stierhof YD, et al. Human WIPI-1 puncta-formation: a novel assay to assess mammalian autophagy. FEBS Lett. 2007; 581:3396-404.
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