|Application ||WB, IHC-P, IF, E|
|Other Accession||NP_056352, 26012|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||Predicted: 58 kDa|
|Application Notes||NELF antibody can be used for detection of NELF by Western blot at 1 - 2 μg/mL. Antibody can also be used for immunohistochemistry starting at 5 μg/mL. For immunofluorescence start at 20 μg/mL.|
|Target/Specificity||Rabbit polyclonal NELF antibody was raised against a 17 amino acid peptide near the center of human NELF.|
The immunogen is located within amino acids 230 - 280 of NELF.
|Reconstitution & Storage||NELF antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year.|
|Precautions||NELF Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Couples NMDA-sensitive glutamate receptor signaling to the nucleus and triggers long-lasting changes in the cytoarchitecture of dendrites and spine synapse processes. Part of the cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) shut-off signaling pathway. Stimulates outgrowth of olfactory axons and migration of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) and luteinizing-hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) neuronal cells.|
|Cellular Location||Nucleus. Nucleus envelope. Nucleus membrane Nucleus matrix. Cytoplasm. Cytoplasm, cell cortex. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Cell membrane; Peripheral membrane protein. Cell projection, dendrite. Cell junction, synapse. Cell junction, synapse, synaptosome. Cell junction, synapse, postsynaptic cell membrane, postsynaptic density. Membrane. Note=Found on the outside of the luteinizing-hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) cell membrane and axons projecting from the olfactory pit and epithelium Associates with transcriptionally active chromatin regions Detected at the nuclear membranes of CA1 neurons. Cortical cytoskeleton. Localized in proximal apical dendrites. Colocalizes with CABP1 in dendrites and dendritic spines. Myristoylation is a prerequisite for extranuclear localization. Translocates from dendrites to the nucleus during NMDA receptor-dependent long-term potentiation (LTP) induction of synaptic transmission at Schaffer collateral/CA1 synapses of hippocampal primary neurons and in a importin-dependent manner (By similarity).|
|Tissue Location||Highly expressed in adult and fetal brain. Weakly expressed in heart, liver, spleen, testis, small intestine, skeletal muscle, peripheral white blood cells and kidney|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
NELF Antibody: NELF (nasal embryonic luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone factor) is a 530 amino acid transcription factor involved in the migration of LHRH neurons, outgrowth of olfactory axons and suppression of transcription elongation. NELF is found in the peripheral and central nervous system during embryonic development, and is highly expressed in adult testis, kidney and brain. Known to couple NMDA receptor signaling to the nucleus, NELF knockdown impaired GnRH neuronal migration of NLT cells in vitro and the gene encoding NELF has been linked to the development of Idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH), a disorder resulting in impaired pubertal maturation and reproductive function.
Kramer PR and Wray S. Novel gene expressed in nasal region influences outgrowth of olfactory axons and migration of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) neurons. Genes Dev. 2000; 14:1824-34.
Yung TM, Narita T, Komori T, et al. Cellular dynamics of the negative transcription elongation factor NELF. Exp. Cell Res. 2009; 315:1693-705.
Xu N, Bhagavath B, Kim HG, et al. NELF is a nuclear protein involved in hypothalamic GnRH neuronal migration. Mol. Cell Endocrinol. 2010; 319:47-55.
Miura K, Acierno JS and Seminara SB. Characterization of the human nasal embryonic LHRH factor gene, NELF, and a mutation screening among 65 patients with idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH). J. Hum. Genet. 2004; 49: 265-8.
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