|Application ||WB, IHC-P, IF, E|
|Other Accession||NP_055255, 7657092|
|Calculated MW||Predicted: 17 kDa |
Observed: 16 kDa
|Application Notes||IL-36A antibody can be used for detection of IL-36A by Western blot at 1 - 2 µg/ml.|
|Target/Specificity||IL36A; IL-36A antibody is human specific. IL-36A antibody will not cross-react with IL-36B or IL-36G.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||IL-36A antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year.|
|Precautions||IL-36A Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Synonyms||FIL1E, IL1E, IL1F6|
|Function||Cytokine that binds to and signals through the IL1RL2/IL-36R receptor which in turn activates NF-kappa-B and MAPK signaling pathways in target cells linked to a pro-inflammatory response. Part of the IL-36 signaling system that is thought to be present in epithelial barriers and to take part in local inflammatory response; similar to the IL-1 system with which it shares the coreceptor IL1RAP. Seems to be involved in skin inflammatory response by acting on keratinocytes, dendritic cells and indirectly on T cells to drive tissue infiltration, cell maturation and cell proliferation. In cultured keratinocytes induces the expression of macrophage, T cell, and neutrophil chemokines, such as CCL3, CCL4, CCL5, CCL2, CCL17, CCL22, CL20, CCL5, CCL2, CCL17, CCL22, CXCL8, CCL20 and CXCL1, and the production of proinflammatory cytokines such as TNF-alpha, IL-8 and IL-6. In cultured monocytes upregulates expression of IL-1A, IL-1B and IL-6. In myeloid dendritic cells involved in cell maturation by upregulating surface expression of CD83, CD86 and HLA-DR. In monocyte-derived dendritic cells facilitates dendritic cell maturation and drives T cell proliferation. May play a role in proinflammatory effects in the lung.|
|Tissue Location||Expressed in immune system and fetal brain, but not in other tissues tested or in multiple hematopoietic cell lines. Predominantly expressed in skin keratinocytes but not in fibroblasts, endothelial cells or melanocytes. Increased in lesional psoriasis skin.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
IL-36A is is a member of the interleukin 1 cytokine family whose gene and eight other interleukin 1 family genes form a cytokine gene cluster on chromosome 2 (1). IL-36A is thought to activate the NF-kappaB pathway through IL-1 receptor family members IL-1RL2 and IL-1RAcP (2). Like the related proteins IL-36B and IL-36G, IL-36A requires post-translational processing for full agonist activity, but the cleavage mechanism is currently unknown (3). The IL-36 cytokines have been suggested to amplify Th1 responses by enhancing proliferation and Th1 polarization of naive CD4+ T cells (4).
Smith DE, Renshaw BR, Ketchem RR, et al. Four new members expand the interleukin-1 superfamily. J. Biol. Chem. 2000; 275:1169-75.
Towne JE, Garka KE, Renshaw BR, et al. Interleukin (IL)-1F6, IL-1F8, and IL-1F9 signal through IL-1Rrp2 and IL-1RAcP to activate the pathway leading to NF-kappaB and MAPKs. J. Biol. Chem. 2004; 279:13677-88.
Towne JE, Renshaw BR, Douangpanya J, et al. Interleukin-36 (IL-36) ligands require processing for full agonist agonist (IL-36a, IL-36b, and IL-36g) or antagonist (IL-36Ra) activity. J. Biol. Chem. 2011; 286:42594-602.
Vigne S, Palmer G, Martin P, et al. IL-36 signaling amplifies Th1 responses by enhancing proliferation and Th1 polarization of naive CD4+ T cells. Blood 2012; 120:3478-87.
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