|Application ||WB, IF, ICC, E|
|Other Accession||NP_036192, 171460914|
|Calculated MW||Predicted: 81 kDa |
Observed: 80 kDa
|Application Notes||DNM1L antibody can be used for detection of DNM1L by Western blot at 1 - 2 µg/ml. Antibody can also be used for Immunocytochemistry starting at 5 µg/mL. For immunofluorescence start at 20 µg/mL.|
|Target/Specificity||DNM1L; DNM1L antibody is human and mouse reactive. At least four isoforms of DNM1L are known to exist; this antibody will detect the two longest isoforms.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||DNM1L antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year.|
|Precautions||DNM1L Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Functions in mitochondrial and peroxisomal division. Mediates membrane fission through oligomerization into membrane- associated tubular structures that wrap around the scission site to constrict and sever the mitochondrial membrane through a GTP hydrolysis-dependent mechanism. Through its function in mitochondrial division, ensures the survival of at least some types of postmitotic neurons, including Purkinje cells, by suppressing oxidative damage. Required for normal brain development, including that of cerebellum. Facilitates developmentally regulated apoptosis during neural tube formation. Required for a normal rate of cytochrome c release and caspase activation during apoptosis; this requirement may depend upon the cell type and the physiological apoptotic cues. Also required for mitochondrial fission during mitosis. Required for formation of endocytic vesicles. Proposed to regulate synaptic vesicle membrane dynamics through association with BCL2L1 isoform Bcl-X(L) which stimulates its GTPase activity in synaptic vesicles; the function may require its recruitment by MFF to clathrin-containing vesicles. Required for programmed necrosis execution.|
|Cellular Location||Cytoplasm, cytosol. Golgi apparatus. Endomembrane system; Peripheral membrane protein. Mitochondrion outer membrane; Peripheral membrane protein. Peroxisome. Membrane, clathrin-coated pit. Cytoplasmic vesicle, secretory vesicle, synaptic vesicle membrane. Note=Mainly cytosolic. Translocated to the mitochondrial membrane through O- GlcNAcylation and interaction with FIS1. Recruited to the mitochondrial outer membrane by interaction with MIEF1 Colocalized with MARCH5 at mitochondrial membrane. Localizes to mitochondria at sites of division. Localizes to mitochondria following necrosis induction. Associated with peroxisomal membranes, partly recruited there by PEX11B. May also be associated with endoplasmic reticulum tubules and cytoplasmic vesicles and found to be perinuclear. In some cell types, localizes to the Golgi complex. Binds to phospholipid membranes|
|Tissue Location||Ubiquitously expressed with highest levels found in skeletal muscles, heart, kidney and brain. Isoform 1 is brain-specific. Isoform 2 and isoform 3 are predominantly expressed in testis and skeletal muscles respectively. Isoform 4 is weakly expressed in brain, heart and kidney. Isoform 5 is dominantly expressed in liver, heart and kidney. Isoform 6 is expressed in neurons.|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
The Dynamin-1-like protein (DNM1L) is a member of the dynamin superfamily of GTPases (1). DNM1L mediates mitochondrial and peroxisomal division, and is involved in developmentally regulated apoptosis and programmed necrosis (2). Dysfunction of this gene is implicated in several neurological disorders, including Alzheimer's disease. Mutations in this gene are associated with the autosomal dominant disorder, encephalopathy, lethal, due to defective mitochondrial and peroxisomal fission (EMPF) (3).
Shin HW, Shinotsuka C, Torii S, et al. Identification and subcellular localization of a novel mammalian dynamin-related protein homologous to yeast Vps1p and Dnm1p. J. Biochem. 1997; 122:525-30.
Frank S, Gaume B, Bergmann-Leitner ES, et al. The role of dynamin-related protein1, a mediator of mitochondrial fission, in apoptosis. Dev. Cell 2001; 1:515-25.
Reddy PH, Reddy TP, Manczak M, et al. Dynamin-related protein 1 and mitochondrial fragmentation in neurodegenerative diseases. Brain Res. Rev. 2011; 67:103-18.
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