|Application ||WB, IHC-P, IF, E|
|Other Accession||NP_085128, 156139122|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||Predicted: 235 kDa |
Observed: 240 kDa
|Application Notes||TET1 antibody can be used for detection of TET1 by Western blot at 1 - 2 µg/ml. Antibody can also be used for Immunohistochemistry at 5 µg/mL. For Immunoflorescence start at 20 µg/mL.|
|Target/Specificity||TET1; TET1 antibody is human, mouse and rat reactive. This antibody is predicted to not cross-react with TET2 and TET3.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||TET1 antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year.|
|Precautions||TET1 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Synonyms||CXXC6, KIAA1676, LCX|
|Function||Dioxygenase that catalyzes the conversion of the modified genomic base 5-methylcytosine (5mC) into 5- hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) and plays a key role in active DNA demethylation. Also mediates subsequent conversion of 5hmC into 5- formylcytosine (5fC), and conversion of 5fC to 5-carboxylcytosine (5caC). Conversion of 5mC into 5hmC, 5fC and 5caC probably constitutes the first step in cytosine demethylation. Methylation at the C5 position of cytosine bases is an epigenetic modification of the mammalian genome which plays an important role in transcriptional regulation. In addition to its role in DNA demethylation, plays a more general role in chromatin regulation. Preferentially binds to CpG-rich sequences at promoters of both transcriptionally active and Polycomb-repressed genes. Involved in the recruitment of the O-GlcNAc transferase OGT to CpG-rich transcription start sites of active genes, thereby promoting histone H2B GlcNAcylation by OGT. Also involved in transcription repression of a subset of genes through recruitment of transcriptional repressors to promoters. Involved in the balance between pluripotency and lineage commitment of cells it plays a role in embryonic stem cells maintenance and inner cell mass cell specification. Plays an important role in the tumorigenicity of glioblastoma cells. TET1-mediated production of 5hmC acts as a recruitment signal for the CHTOP-methylosome complex to selective sites on the chromosome, where it methylates H4R3 and activates the transcription of genes involved in glioblastomagenesis (PubMed:25284789).|
|Tissue Location||Expressed in fetal heart, lung and brain, and in adult skeletal muscle, thymus and ovary. Not detected in adult heart, lung or brain. Up-regulated in glioblastoma cells (at protein level) (PubMed:25284789).|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
TET1, a member of the ten-eleven-translocation (TET) family of genes, was initially discovered as a fusion partner of MLL in acute myeloid leukemias containing the t(10;11)(q22;q23) (1). It is a methylcytosine dioxygenase that catalyzes the conversion of methylcytosine to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (2). TET1 expression is regulated during inflammation in both THP-1 and primary dendritic cells, and is a negative transcriptional regulator of IL-1beta following and inflammatory stimulus (3). Recent evidence has shown that TET1 is part of a signaling pathway that regulates breast cancer growth and metastasis (4).
Lorsbach RB, Moore J, Mathew S, et al. TET1, a member of a novel protein family, is fused to MLL in acute myeloid leukemia containing the t(10;11)(q22;q23). Leukemia 2003; 17:637-41.
Tahilani M, Koh KP, Shen Y, et al. Conversion of 5-methylcytosine to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine in mammalian DNA by MLL partner TET1. Science 2009; 324:930-5.
Neves-Costa A and Moita LF. TET1 is a negative transcriptional regulator of IL-1b in the THP-1 cell line. Mol. Immunol. 2013; 54:264-70.
Sun M, Song CX, Huang H, et al. HMGA2/TET1/HOXA9 signaling pathway regulates breast cancer growth and metastasis. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 2013; 110:9920-5.
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