|Application ||WB, IHC-P, IF, E|
|Other Accession||NP_009216, 11345|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||Predicted: 13 kDa |
Observed: 13 kDa
|Application Notes||GABARAPL2 antibody can be used for detection of GABARAPL2 by Western blot at 1 - 2 μg/ml. Antibody can also be used for Immunohistochemistry at 5 μg/mL. For Immunoflorescence start at 20 μg/mL.|
|Target/Specificity||GABARAPL2 antibody was raised against a 15 amino acid peptide near the carboxy terminus of human GABARAPL2.|
The immunogen is located within the last 50 amino acids of GABARAPL2.
|Reconstitution & Storage||GABARAPL2 antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year.|
|Precautions||GABARAPL2 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Ubiquitin-like modifier involved in intra-Golgi traffic. Modulates intra-Golgi transport through coupling between NSF activity and SNAREs activation. It first stimulates the ATPase activity of NSF which in turn stimulates the association with GOSR1 (By similarity). Involved in autophagy. Plays a role in mitophagy which contributes to regulate mitochondrial quantity and quality by eliminating the mitochondria to a basal level to fulfill cellular energy requirements and preventing excess ROS production. Whereas LC3s are involved in elongation of the phagophore membrane, the GABARAP/GATE-16 subfamily is essential for a later stage in autophagosome maturation.|
|Cellular Location||Golgi apparatus. Cytoplasmic vesicle, autophagosome|
|Tissue Location||Ubiquitous. Expressed at high levels in the brain, heart, prostate, ovary, spleen and skeletal muscle Expressed at very low levels in lung, thymus and small intestine|
Thousands of laboratories across the world have published research that depended on the performance of antibodies from Abgent to advance their research. Check out links to articles that cite our products in major peer-reviewed journals, organized by research category.
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the main inhibitory transmitter by increasing a Cl-conductance that inhibits neuronal firing in the central nervous system (1). It has been shown to activate both ionotropic (GABAA) and metabotropic (GABAB) receptors as well as a third class of receptors called GABAC (2). GABARAPL2 (GABAA receptor-associated protein-like 2), also known as GATE16, was initially identified as a membrane transport modulator and is a mammalian ortholog to the autophagy protein ATG8 (3,4). It is thought that GABARAPL2 and other members of the ATG8 family act as scaffolds for assembly of the Unc-51 like kinase (ULK) complex in the formation of autophagosomes (5).
Cherubini E, Gaiarsa JL, and Ben-Ari Y. GABA: an excitatory transmitter in early postnatal life. Trends Neurosci.1991; 14:515-19.
Dirkx R Jr, Thomas A, Li L, et al. Targeting of the 67 kDa isoform of glutamic acid decarboxylase to intracellular organelles is mediated by its interaction with the NH2-terminal region of the 65 kDa isoform of glutamic acid decarboxylase. J. Biol. Chem. 1995; 270:2241-6.
Sagiv Y, Legesse-Miller A, Porat A, et al. GATE-16, a membrane transport modulator, interacts with NSF and the Golgi v-SNARE GOS-28. EMBO J. 2000; 19:1494-504.
Paz Y, Elazar Z, and Fass D. Structure of GATE-16, membrane transport modulator and mammalian ortholog of autophagocytosis factor Aut7p. J. Biol. Chem. 2000; 275:25445-50.
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