|Application ||WB, IHC, IF, E|
|Other Accession||NP_000179, 188497754|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||Predicted: 101 kDa; Observed: 103 kDa|
|Application Notes||Hexokinase 1 antibody can be used for detection of Hexokinase 1 by Western blot at 1 - 2 µg/ml. Antibody can also be used for immunohistochemistry starting at 5 µg/mL. For immunofluorescence start at 20 µg/mL.|
|Target/Specificity||HK1; Hexokinase 1 antibody is human, mouse and rat reactive. Multiple isoforms of Hexokinase 1 are known to exist.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||Hexokinase 1 antibody can be stored at 4℃ for three months and -20℃, stable for up to one year.|
|Precautions||Hexokinase 1 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Cellular Location||Mitochondrion outer membrane. Note=Its hydrophobic N-terminal sequence may be involved in membrane binding|
|Tissue Location||Isoform 2 is erythrocyte specific. Isoform 3 and isoform 4 are testis-specific|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
There are four major glucose-phosphorylating isoenzymes, designated Hexokinase 1 I, II, III, and IV (1). Hexokinase 1 activity is involved in the first step in several metabolic pathways including phosphorylation of glucose to produce glucose-6-phosphate, thus committing glucose to the glycolytic pathway (1,2). Hexokinase 1 2 is the predominant Hexokinase 1 isozyme expressed in insulin-responsive tissues such as skeletal muscle and its expression is insulin-responsive (3). It is involved in the increased rate of glycolysis seen in rapidly growing cancer cells (4).
Chen T, Ning D, Sun H, et al. Sequence Analysis and Molecular Characterization of Clonorchis sinensis Hexokinase 1, an Unusual Trimeric 50-kDa Glucose-6-Phosphate-Sensitive Allosteric Enzyme. PLoS One 2014; 9:e107940.
Halestrap AP, Pereira GC, and Pasdois P. The role of Hexokinase 1 in cardioprotection-mechanism and potential for translation. Br. J. Pharmacol. 2014; epub.
Roberts DJ and Miyamoto S. Hexokinase 1 II integrates energy metabolism and cellular protection: Akting on mitochondria and TORCing to autophagy. Cell Death Differ. 2014; epub.
Wang L, Xiong H, Wu F, et al. Hexokinase 1 2-Mediated Warburg Effect Is Required for PTEN- and p53-Deficiency-Driven Prostate Cancer Growth. Cell Rep. 2014; 8:1461-74.
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