|Application ||WB, IHC-P, E|
|Other Accession||EDL39922, 148707975|
|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||31647 Da|
|Application Notes||PD-1 antibody can be used for detection of PD-1 by Western blot at 1 µg/mL. Antibody can also be used for immunohistochemistry starting at 2.5 µg/mL.|
|Reconstitution & Storage||PD-1 monoclonal antibody can be stored at -20℃, stable for one year.|
|Precautions||PD-1 Antibody [12A7D7] is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Inhibitory cell surface receptor involved in the regulation of T-cell function during immunity and tolerance. Upon ligand binding, inhibits T-cell effector functions in an antigen- specific manner. Possible cell death inducer, in association with other factors.|
|Cellular Location||Membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein|
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Provided below are standard protocols that you may find useful for product applications.
PD-1 Monoclonal Antibody: Cell-mediated immune responses are initiated by T lymphocytes that are themselves stimulated by cognate peptides bound to MHC molecules on antig en-presenting cells (APC). T-cell activation is generally self-limited as activated T cells express receptors such as PD-1 (also known as PDCD-1) that mediate inhibitory signals from the APC. PD-1 can bind two different but related ligands, PDL-1 and PDL-2. Upon binding to either of these ligands, signals generated by PD-1 inhibit the activation of the immune response in the absence of "danger signals" such as LPS or other molecules associated with bacteria or other pathogens. Evidence for this is seen in PD1-null mice who exhibit hyperactivated immune systems and autoimmune diseases. Despite its predicted molecular weight, PD-1 often migrates at higher molecular weight in SDS-PAGE.
Holling TM, Schooten E, and van Den Elsing PJ. Function and regulation of MHC class II molecules in T-lymphocytes: of mice and men. Hum. Immunol. 2004; 65:282-90.
Ishida Y, Agata Y, Shibahara K, et al. Induced expression of PD-1, a novel member of the immunoglobulin gene superfamily, upon programmed cell death. EMBO J. 1992; 11:3887-95.
Zhong X, Bai C, Gao W, et al. Suppression of expression and function of negative immune regulator PD-1 by certain pattern recognition and cytokine receptor signals associated with immune system danger. Int. Immunol. 2004; 16:1181-8.
Nishimura H, Nose M, Hiai H, et al. Development of lupus-like autoimmune diseases by the disruption of the PD-1 gene encoding an ITIM motif-carrying immunoreceptor. Immunity 1999; 11:141-51.
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