|Reactivity||Human, Mouse, Rat|
|Calculated MW||H=37,26,31 KDa|
|Other Names||DNA repair protein RAD51 homolog 1, HsRAD51, hRAD51, RAD51 homolog A, RAD51, RAD51A, RECA|
|Target/Specificity||This RAD51 antibody is generated from a mouse immunized with a recombination protein from human.|
|Format||Purified monoclonal antibody supplied in PBS with 0.09% (W/V) sodium azide. This antibody is purified through a protein G column, followed by dialysis against PBS.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 2 weeks. For long term storage store at -20°C in small aliquots to prevent freeze-thaw cycles.|
|Precautions||RAD51 Antibody is for research use only and not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Plays an important role in homologous strand exchange, a key step in DNA repair through homologous recombination (HR). Binds to single and double-stranded DNA and exhibits DNA-dependent ATPase activity. Catalyzes the recognition of homology and strand exchange between homologous DNA partners to form a joint molecule between a processed DNA break and the repair template. Binds to single-stranded DNA in an ATP-dependent manner to form nucleoprotein filaments which are essential for the homology search and strand exchange (PubMed:26681308). Part of a PALB2- scaffolded HR complex containing BRCA2 and RAD51C and which is thought to play a role in DNA repair by HR. Plays a role in regulating mitochondrial DNA copy number under conditions of oxidative stress in the presence of RAD51C and XRCC3. Also involved in interstrand cross-link repair (PubMed:26253028).|
|Cellular Location||Nucleus Cytoplasm. Cytoplasm, perinuclear region Mitochondrion matrix. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome. Note=Colocalizes with RAD51AP1 and RPA2 to multiple nuclear foci upon induction of DNA damage. DNA damage induces an increase in nuclear levels. Together with FIGNL1, redistributed in discrete nuclear DNA damage-induced foci after ionizing radiation (IR) or camptothecin (CPT) treatment Accumulated at sites of DNA damage in a SPIDR-dependent manner|
|Tissue Location||Highly expressed in testis and thymus, followed by small intestine, placenta, colon, pancreas and ovary Weakly expressed in breast|
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Participates in a common DNA damage response pathway associated with the activation of homologous recombination and double-strand break repair. Binds to single and double-stranded DNA and exhibits DNA-dependent ATPase activity. Underwinds duplex DNA and forms helical nucleoprotein filaments. Plays a role in regulating mitochondrial DNA copy number under conditions of oxidative stress in the presence of RAD51C and XRCC3.
Shinohara A.,et al.Nat. Genet. 4:239-243(1993).
Yoshimura Y.,et al.Nucleic Acids Res. 21:1665-1665(1993).
Schmutte C.,et al.Cancer Res. 59:4564-4569(1999).
Wang W.W.,et al.Cancer Epidemiol. Biomarkers Prev. 10:955-960(2001).
Park J.Y.,et al.Nucleic Acids Res. 36:3226-3234(2008).
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