|Other Names||Protocadherin gamma-A1, PCDH-gamma-A1, PCDHGA1|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Potential calcium-dependent cell-adhesion protein. May be involved in the establishment and maintenance of specific neuronal connections in the brain.|
|Cellular Location||Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein|
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This gene is a member of the protocadherin gamma genecluster, one of three related clusters tandemly linked onchromosome five. These gene clusters have an immunoglobulin-likeorganization, suggesting that a novel mechanism may be involved intheir regulation and expression. The gamma gene cluster includes 22genes divided into 3 subfamilies. Subfamily A contains 12 genes,subfamily B contains 7 genes and 2 pseudogenes, and the moredistantly related subfamily C contains 3 genes. The tandem array of22 large, variable region exons are followed by a constant region,containing 3 exons shared by all genes in the cluster. Eachvariable region exon encodes the extracellular region, whichincludes 6 cadherin ectodomains and a transmembrane region. Theconstant region exons encode the common cytoplasmic region. Theseneural cadherin-like cell adhesion proteins most likely play acritical role in the establishment and function of specificcell-cell connections in the brain. Alternative splicing has beendescribed for the gamma cluster genes.
Rose, J.E., et al. Mol. Med. 16 (7-8), 247-253 (2010) :Wu, Q., et al. Genome Res. 11(3):389-404(2001)Nollet, F., et al. J. Mol. Biol. 299(3):551-572(2000)Yagi, T., et al. Genes Dev. 14(10):1169-1180(2000)Wu, Q., et al. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 97(7):3124-3129(2000)
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