|Other Names||Serum paraoxonase/arylesterase 2, PON 2, Aromatic esterase 2, A-esterase 2, Serum aryldialkylphosphatase 2, PON2|
|Format||Synthetic peptide was lyophilized with 100% acetonitrile and is supplied as a powder. Reconstitute with 0.1 ml DI water for a final concentration of 1 mg/ml.|
|Storage||Maintain refrigerated at 2-8°C for up to 6 months. For long term storage store at -20°C.|
|Precautions||This product is for research use only. Not for use in diagnostic or therapeutic procedures.|
|Function||Capable of hydrolyzing lactones and a number of aromatic carboxylic acid esters. Has antioxidant activity. Is not associated with high density lipoprotein. Prevents LDL lipid peroxidation, reverses the oxidation of mildly oxidized LDL, and inhibits the ability of MM-LDL to induce monocyte chemotaxis.|
|Cellular Location||Membrane; Peripheral membrane protein|
|Tissue Location||Widely expressed with highest expression in liver, lung, placenta, testis and heart|
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This gene encodes a member of the paraoxonase gene family,which includes three known members located adjacent to each otheron the long arm of chromosome 7. The encoded protein isubiquitously expressed in human tissues, membrane-bound, and mayact as a cellular antioxidant, protecting cells from oxidativestress. Hydrolytic activity against acylhomoserine lactones,important bacterial quorum-sensing mediators, suggests the encodedprotein may also play a role in defense responses to pathogenicbacteria. Mutations in this gene may be associated with vasculardisease and a number of quantitative phenotypes related todiabetes. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encodingdifferent isoforms have been described.
Bailey, S.D., et al. Diabetes Care 33(10):2250-2253(2010)Altenhofer, S., et al. J. Biol. Chem. 285(32):24398-24403(2010)Ticozzi, N., et al. Ann. Neurol. 68(1):102-107(2010)Wang, Y., et al. Diabet. Med. 27(4):376-383(2010)Cross, D.S., et al. BMC Genet. 11, 51 (2010) :
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